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A Beautiful Math: John Nash, Game Theory, and the Modern Quest for a Code of Nature

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Millions have seen the movie and thousands have read the book but few have fully appreciated the mathematics developed by John Nash's beautiful mind. Today Nash's beautiful math has become a universal language for research in the social sciences and has infiltrated the realms of evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and even quantum physics. John Nash won the 1994 Nobel Priz Millions have seen the movie and thousands have read the book but few have fully appreciated the mathematics developed by John Nash's beautiful mind. Today Nash's beautiful math has become a universal language for research in the social sciences and has infiltrated the realms of evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and even quantum physics. John Nash won the 1994 Nobel Prize in economics for pioneering research published in the 1950s on a new branch of mathematics known as game theory. At the time of Nash's early work, game theory was briefly popular among some mathematicians and Cold War analysts. But it remained obscure until the 1970s when evolutionary biologists began applying it to their work. In the 1980s economists began to embrace game theory. Since then it has found an ever expanding repertoire of applications among a wide range of scientific disciplines. Today neuroscientists peer into game players' brains, anthropologists play games with people from primitive cultures, biologists use games to explain the evolution of human language, and mathematicians exploit games to better understand social networks. A common thread connecting much of this research is its relevance to the ancient quest for a science of human social behavior, or a Code of Nature, in the spirit of the fictional science of psychohistory described in the famous Foundation novels by the late Isaac Asimov. In A Beautiful Math, acclaimed science writer Tom Siegfried describes how game theory links the life sciences, social sciences, and physical sciences in a way that may bring Asimov's dream closer to reality.


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Millions have seen the movie and thousands have read the book but few have fully appreciated the mathematics developed by John Nash's beautiful mind. Today Nash's beautiful math has become a universal language for research in the social sciences and has infiltrated the realms of evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and even quantum physics. John Nash won the 1994 Nobel Priz Millions have seen the movie and thousands have read the book but few have fully appreciated the mathematics developed by John Nash's beautiful mind. Today Nash's beautiful math has become a universal language for research in the social sciences and has infiltrated the realms of evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and even quantum physics. John Nash won the 1994 Nobel Prize in economics for pioneering research published in the 1950s on a new branch of mathematics known as game theory. At the time of Nash's early work, game theory was briefly popular among some mathematicians and Cold War analysts. But it remained obscure until the 1970s when evolutionary biologists began applying it to their work. In the 1980s economists began to embrace game theory. Since then it has found an ever expanding repertoire of applications among a wide range of scientific disciplines. Today neuroscientists peer into game players' brains, anthropologists play games with people from primitive cultures, biologists use games to explain the evolution of human language, and mathematicians exploit games to better understand social networks. A common thread connecting much of this research is its relevance to the ancient quest for a science of human social behavior, or a Code of Nature, in the spirit of the fictional science of psychohistory described in the famous Foundation novels by the late Isaac Asimov. In A Beautiful Math, acclaimed science writer Tom Siegfried describes how game theory links the life sciences, social sciences, and physical sciences in a way that may bring Asimov's dream closer to reality.

30 review for A Beautiful Math: John Nash, Game Theory, and the Modern Quest for a Code of Nature

  1. 5 out of 5

    Ahmad Sharabiani

    A Beautiful Math: John Nash, Game Theory, and the Modern Quest for a Code of Nature, Tom Siegfried Millions have seen the movie and thousands have read the book but few have fully appreciated the mathematics developed by John Nash's beautiful mind. Today Nash's beautiful math has become a universal language for research in the social sciences and has infiltrated the realms of evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and even quantum physics. John Nash won the 1994 Nobel Prize in economics for pioneeri A Beautiful Math: John Nash, Game Theory, and the Modern Quest for a Code of Nature, Tom Siegfried Millions have seen the movie and thousands have read the book but few have fully appreciated the mathematics developed by John Nash's beautiful mind. Today Nash's beautiful math has become a universal language for research in the social sciences and has infiltrated the realms of evolutionary biology, neuroscience, and even quantum physics. John Nash won the 1994 Nobel Prize in economics for pioneering research published in the 1950's on a new branch of mathematics known as game theory. تاریخ نخستین خوانش: روز یازدهم ماه نوامبر سال 2014میلادی عنوان: ریاضیات زیبا: جان نش، نظریهٔ بازی‌ها، و جست‌وجوی رمز طبیعت؛ نویسنده تام زیگفرید؛ مترجم مهدی صادقی؛ مشخصات نشر: تهران، نشر نی، 1390، در 312ص، شابک 9789641852537؛ موضوع: نظریه ی بازیهای جان نش - نگارش سده 21م ریاضیات زیبای «نش»، به زبانی جهانی، برای پژوهش در علوم اجتماعی، و در دیگر رشته‌ های علمی نظیر «زیست‌شناسی تکاملی»، «علوم اعصاب»، و حتی به «فیزیک کوانتومی» نیز، راه یافته است؛ «جان نش» برای پژوهشهای برجسته‌ ی خویش، در دهه ی 1950میلادی در زمینه ی «نظریه بازی‌ها»، برندهٔ جایزه ی نوبل سال 1994میلادی شدند؛ زیست ‌شناسان تکاملی، این نظریه را در دهه ی 1970میلادی، به کار بردند، و اقتصاددانان در دهه ی 1980میلادی، آنرا پذیر ا شدند؛ امروزه دانشمندان علوم اعصاب، با استفاده از «نظریه ی بازی‌ها»، مغز را بررسی می‌کنند، و «انسان شناس‌ها» به یاری آن خود را به پژوهش مردمان، و فرهنگ‌های دیگر، دلمشغول می‌کنند؛ «زیست‌ شناسان» آنرا برای تبیین تکامل، به کار می‌گیرند، و ریاضی‌دانان از آن برای درک بهتر شبکه‌ های اجتماعی، بهره می‌برند؛ «تام زیگفرید»، در این کتاب شرح می‌دهد که نظریه ی بازی‌ها چگونه «علوم زیستی»، «علوم اجتماعی»، و «علوم طبیعی» را، به طریقی به یکدیگر پیوند می‌دهد، تا رؤیای «آسیموف» را درباره ی «روان‌ تاریخ»، یا «رمز طبیعت» به واقعیت نزدیک‌تر کند؛ نقل از متن: (هدف ارائه و تجهیز روانشناسی به‌ گونه‌ ای است تا علمی طبیعی شود؛ روان‌شناسی قصد دارد تا فرایندهای جسمانی را به شکل حالت‌های معین کمی از ذرات مادی تخصیص ‌پذیر نمایش دهد؛ بدین ترتیب این فرایندها را واضح و عاری از تناقض می‌سازد فروید، پروژه ‌ای برای روان‌شناسی علمی، 1895میلادی زیگموند فروید واقعا می‌خواست مغز را درک کند؛ او در رشته ی پزشکی درس خواند، و متخصص اعصاب شد؛ وی قصد داشت، رمزی را کشف کند، که فرایندهای فیزیکی مغز را، به ذهن ربط می‌داد؛ در سال 1895میلادی، پروژه ‌ای را برای «روان‌شناسی علمی»، ‌طراحی کرد، تا با آن بتوان حالت‌های روحی، و رفتارهای انسان را، به صورت مادی، بر مبنای تعامل‌های فیزیکی سلول‌های عصبی مغز، شرح داد؛ «فروید» می‌دانست، که علم مغز در اواخر قرن نوزدهم (میلادی)، ناپخته تراز آن است، که شیمی جمجمه را، به فکر و رفتار، ارتباط دهد؛ بنابراین؛ مغز را رها کرد، و مستقیما به سمت ذهن و تحلیل رویاها، برای پیدا کردن راهی، به سوی حافظه ی ناخودآگاه، رفت، که زندگی روانی را، اداره می‌کند؛ دیگران دستاوردهای «فروید»، و فیزیک مغز را، به روّیا هم نمی‌دیدند؛ بسیاری به سادگی ادعا کردند، که مغز یک «جعبه سیاه» است، که با بررسی‌های علمی، نمی‌توان به آن دست یافت؛ این رفتارشناسان، حکم کردند، که روان‌شناسی، باید به مشاهده ی رفتارها بچسبد، و محرک‌ها، و پاسخ‌ها را، مطالعه کند همچنان که قرن بیستم (میلادی) به پیش می‌رفت؛ هم «فروید» گراها، و هم رفتارگراها، کمرنگ شدند؛ در حالیکه پزشکی مولکولی، بخشی از کارکرد داخلی مغز را، روشن می‌کرد، «جعبه سیاه» نهفته در مغز نیز، نیمه شفاف شد؛ امروزه، در سایه ی تکنولوژی‌های اسکن، که تصاویری از مغز در حالت فعالیت، فراهم کرده؛ مغز، تقریبا شفاف شده است؛ علم نوپای اعصاب (را)؛ که یک قرن پیش «فروید» بنیاد نهاد، اکنون بالغ شده است، و به آنچه هدف اولیه ی او بود نزدیک می‌شود.)؛ پایان نقل تاریخ بهنگام رسانی 04/12/1399هجری خورشیدی؛ ا. شربیانی

  2. 5 out of 5

    Elham

    It got a little boring and repetitive at the end but I am glad I have read it. What I learned from this book is that the use of game theory is very pervasive. We, as human beings, play games in any sort every day. Chess, cards, social interactions and living. In all there is a game and the strategies and solutions that we use will normally and logically be conducted in a way that we hope to receive the maximum benefit. Animals play games and in every situation they should choose the best possibl It got a little boring and repetitive at the end but I am glad I have read it. What I learned from this book is that the use of game theory is very pervasive. We, as human beings, play games in any sort every day. Chess, cards, social interactions and living. In all there is a game and the strategies and solutions that we use will normally and logically be conducted in a way that we hope to receive the maximum benefit. Animals play games and in every situation they should choose the best possible decision that results in the maximum benefit for them. Molecules of a gas play games. And no matter if it’s a living or non-living object the maximum benefit will be resulted when there is a Nash Equilibrium in which all the players would have the maximum benefit. An example that shows this matter very well is Prisoner's Dilemma game. Game theory has many applications in economics, evolution, neuroeconomics, quantum mechanics… but the search for finding one integrated theory that combines all the sciences, The Code of Nature, still continues.

  3. 4 out of 5

    Fatemeh

    کتاب به نوعی تاریخ نظریه بازی ها بود . بصورت ساده همه مباحث را بیان کرده بود و از درگیر شدن با جزئیات علمی صرف نظر کرده بود . این باعث شده که کتاب برای منی که با این موضوع کمترین آشنایی را داشته ام ساده باشد و البته کمی گنگ ! گنگ از آن لحاظ که درک ارتباطات و استدلال ها برایم سخت بود و گاها متوجه مطلب نمیشدم . ولی از آنجایی که این دیدگاه همه برای من جالب بود کتاب را تا انتها خواندم و البته به طرز شگفت آوری بعدتر متوجه شدم همین درک مختصر توانسته در دیدگاه من و ابزار استدالیم تاثیر گذار باشد . " اس کتاب به نوعی تاریخ نظریه بازی ها بود . بصورت ساده همه مباحث را بیان کرده بود و از درگیر شدن با جزئیات علمی صرف نظر کرده بود . این باعث شده که کتاب برای منی که با این موضوع کمترین آشنایی را داشته ام ساده باشد و البته کمی گنگ ! گنگ از آن لحاظ که درک ارتباطات و استدلال ها برایم سخت بود و گاها متوجه مطلب نمیشدم . ولی از آنجایی که این دیدگاه همه برای من جالب بود کتاب را تا انتها خواندم و البته به طرز شگفت آوری بعدتر متوجه شدم همین درک مختصر توانسته در دیدگاه من و ابزار استدالیم تاثیر گذار باشد . " اسمیت : اگر هر کسی به سادگی منافع خود را بدون محدودیت دنبال کند ، سیستم بعنوان یک کل ، در توزیع کالا و خدما کارآمد تر خواهد بود . " " اثر پیشگویی بر وقایع پیشگویی شده "

  4. 4 out of 5

    Mohammad

    اکثر مطالبش در مورد تعریف نظریه بازی ها، اهمیتش و کاربردهاش رو از قبل می دونستم. بنظرم این کتاب با این حجم مطالبی که ارائه کرده، خیلی می تونست فشرده تر و جذاب تر نوشته شه. ترجمه دکتر صادقی هم به یکنواختی و کسالت کتاب افزوده بود با اینحال این کتاب رو به علاقمندان مبحث نظریه بازی ها و دوستداران جان نش پیشنهاد میکنم

  5. 4 out of 5

    Mahshid Parchami

    در کل کتاب خوبی بود هرچند شرح حالی که از علوم و دانشمندهای مختلف داشت تا به ربطش به نظریه بازی ها برسه کسالت آور میشد. دوست داشتم مثال های نظریه بازی ها بیشتر باشه ولی بیشتر شرح و توضیح بود

  6. 4 out of 5

    Parham

    3.5 دوست داشتم به جای تاثیر نظریه‌ی بازی‌ها روی اقتصاد و فلان و بهمان که من هیچ علاقه‌ای بهشون ندارم، بیشتر روی قسمت ریاضیش تمرکز میکرد. ولی در کل دید خوبی بهم داد.

  7. 4 out of 5

    Fahime

    چرا ترجمه ش انقدر بد بود؟ از نشر نی بعیده! حداقل یک ویرایش می کردن!

  8. 5 out of 5

    Majid golestaneh

    من ترجمه این کتابو خوندم چون رشتم ریاضیات هست پس از عمق جان دوستش داشتم تازه فیلم این کتاب با بازی راسل کرو هم دیدن داره

  9. 5 out of 5

    Adman

    When a book aims to introduce a discipline to a lay audience, one expects a certain amount of glossing to occur. However, the scholarly content of a beautiful math is so reduced and repetitive that it begins to feel patronizing. Additionally, the author tries too hard to be the clever, colloquial insider. There are repeated, distracting pop cultural references (most frequently to Isaac Asimov's Foundation series), the prose bulges with unimportant asides, and Siegfried indulges in an embarrassin When a book aims to introduce a discipline to a lay audience, one expects a certain amount of glossing to occur. However, the scholarly content of a beautiful math is so reduced and repetitive that it begins to feel patronizing. Additionally, the author tries too hard to be the clever, colloquial insider. There are repeated, distracting pop cultural references (most frequently to Isaac Asimov's Foundation series), the prose bulges with unimportant asides, and Siegfried indulges in an embarrassing amount of name-dropping (it stands to reason that he has met or talked to many of the people he discusses in this book, so it always stands out when he pauses from teaching, or trying to teach, to give an anecdote proving that he has seen and touched these people). Siegfried's real passion is compulsively referenced, beginning with the title and appearing something like one hundred additional times in two hundred odd pages. A "code of nature" would appear to be the real object of Siegried's survey, but he fails to demonstrate anything like a cogent path of achievement or even any sort of deliberate inquiry in pursuit of such a code. All of the specialists mentioned in this book may well be looking for equations and systems to describe human behavior, but the endless application of the phrase "code of nature" strikes me as a semantic contrivance that the author just feels like applying to everything else he's talking about. All that i gleaned from this book was a list of authors whose works I would rather experience firsthand.

  10. 5 out of 5

    Saeed

    عالی بود! ای کاش زودتر می خوندمش ...

  11. 5 out of 5

    Shantia

    تا حالا با كشاورزهايي كه هرسال ميگن اگه امسال محصولي كه پارسال كاشته بوديم رو كاشته بوديم الان وضعمون خوب بود؟! امسال گوجه گرون ميشه اونا امسال سيب زميني كاشتن! سال بعد سيب زمين گرون ميشه اونا گوجه كاشتن! اين كتاب نه تنها به اين سوالا جواب ميده! بلكه ذهن شمارو آماده ميكنه و چشم شما رو تيز ميكنه تا موقعيت ها رو بهتر تشخيص بدين و بهتر تصميم بگيرين. يه جورايي روش فكره. روش طرح سوال و پيدا كردن جواب! خوندنش حس فوق العاده اي داره. انگار به درك عميقي آدم ميرسونه!

  12. 4 out of 5

    M Amini

    کتابی درباره کاربرد نظریه بازی ها در علوم زیستی و رفتاری با مثال‌های جذاب و البته ترجمه‌ای نامناسب. آن چیزی که درباره کاربرد ریاضیات در پیش بینی علوم رفتاری انسان در نظر گرفته نمی‌شود وجود نیازهای روحی و معنوی انسان‌هاست. ریاضیات تنها رفتارهای مبتنی بر منفعت‌های مادی را میتواند پیش بینی کند. اما نیازهای روحی انسان‌ها در کجای این علوم قرار می‌گیرد چیزی است که حداقل این کتاب در پاسخ به آن درمانده است.

  13. 5 out of 5

    Maurizio Codogno

    Il titolo inglese di questo libro è molto più comprensibile: A Beautiful Math è ovviamente un gioco di parole sul titolo del film dedicato a Nash, A Beautiful Mind, e in effetti esso parla del Nobel e della teoria dei giochi. Per chi non sopporta la matematica, una buona notizia: qui non ne troverà. Persino i concetti di base della teoria dei giochi, come la tabella di guadagno per i giochi come il dilemma del prigioniero, sono relegati in soffitta... pardon, in appendice. La cattiva notizia è e Il titolo inglese di questo libro è molto più comprensibile: A Beautiful Math è ovviamente un gioco di parole sul titolo del film dedicato a Nash, A Beautiful Mind, e in effetti esso parla del Nobel e della teoria dei giochi. Per chi non sopporta la matematica, una buona notizia: qui non ne troverà. Persino i concetti di base della teoria dei giochi, come la tabella di guadagno per i giochi come il dilemma del prigioniero, sono relegati in soffitta... pardon, in appendice. La cattiva notizia è esattamente la stessa. Il libro è molto americano: si intervistano persone, si afferma che con la teoria dei giochi ancora un po' e si potrà fare di tutto se non di più - il filo conduttore del libro associa la teoria dei giochi alla asimoviana psicostoria, ma alla fine non è che si riesca ad avere un'idea chiara di quello di cui si sta parlando. Non si parla nemmeno più di tanto di John Nash, se per questo... Insomma, niente di che: secondo me si può vivere tranquillamente anche senza il libro. Anche la traduzione del resto ha qualche punto che chiaramente non è stato rivisto da nessuno: per esempio, tradurre "heredity" come "eredità" quando si parla di ereditarietà è imperdonabile, ma mai quanto tradurre "decline and fall of the Roman empire" come "ascesa e caduta dell'impero Romano". Anche se non si è mai letta la trilogia (esalogia? decalogia?) di Asimov, qui bastava aprire il dizionario...

  14. 4 out of 5

    Saurabh

    It is evidently clear, on just reading the title and introduction, that Siegfried's only purpose to write this book was to collect the downstream trickle from Sylvia Nasar's excellent "A Beautiful Mind" and the subsequent movie. He begins by namedropping Isaac Asimov's Foundation, which apparently he loves very much indeed, and tries to tie it in with game theory, to poor effect (I like one thing, and I want to write a book about this other thing, so let me connect them together). Then he says h It is evidently clear, on just reading the title and introduction, that Siegfried's only purpose to write this book was to collect the downstream trickle from Sylvia Nasar's excellent "A Beautiful Mind" and the subsequent movie. He begins by namedropping Isaac Asimov's Foundation, which apparently he loves very much indeed, and tries to tie it in with game theory, to poor effect (I like one thing, and I want to write a book about this other thing, so let me connect them together). Then he says he will attempt to show us how game theory explains the meaning of life and everything in it (paraphrasing). I didnt stick around for this bag of gas to discharge.

  15. 4 out of 5

    Farideh

    ریاضیات همیشه زیبا بوده. واقعاً کسی که اینو متوجه نشه نصف لذت دنیا رو نبرده.:)

  16. 5 out of 5

    Jayati Deshmukh

    An amazing book which beautifully blends numerous diverse areas into a unified narrative of game theory. It presents a complete timeline of game theory from its past, present and future! There is discussion on how many areas evolved and how a need for a science arose which could address systemic issues instead of specific problems. Next, there are details of how the foundations of game theory itself were build mainly by von Neumann, Morgenstern and John Nash. Initially it was thought to be applic An amazing book which beautifully blends numerous diverse areas into a unified narrative of game theory. It presents a complete timeline of game theory from its past, present and future! There is discussion on how many areas evolved and how a need for a science arose which could address systemic issues instead of specific problems. Next, there are details of how the foundations of game theory itself were build mainly by von Neumann, Morgenstern and John Nash. Initially it was thought to be applicable mainly in the area of Economics, however soon it was found that these principles could be applied to a variety of fields. Next, the author highlights how diverse areas like network science, cognitive science, physics, chemistry, maths, quantum theory and many more can be connected to game theory to solve much bigger challenges. This in turn has lead to further developments in game theory as well. The book concludes with a vision towards the future where the author believes and argues that game theory will play the prime role in coming with a Code of Nature i.e. a science which can connect all the dots and integrate the diversities of all the scientific disciplines to come out with a unified theory. In my opinion, this book is more intriguing and exciting read, if the reader at least has some basic background knowledge of some of the areas like game theory, network science, cognitive science etc. This book gives are birds-eye view of game theory, dives deep into some of it key aspects and amazingly connects it to so many other areas! It is a must read for someone interested or working in the area of game theory!

  17. 5 out of 5

    Francesco Ranieri

    Mi appassiona la scrittura della scienza divulgativa, talenti comunicativi al servizio di concetti che altrimenti sarebbero per la media ostici ed impraticabili. Non fa differenza questo testo, anzi in alcuni punti sembra emulare nell'ironia il capolavoro "Storia di quasi tutto". Insomma è un testo leggero e che si fa leggere, pieno di teorie bizzarre e geniali, dall'attore Kevin Bacon ispiratore inconsapevole di matematismi alle storie sbarazzine degli scienziati. Bene. Poi il testo si fa ripet Mi appassiona la scrittura della scienza divulgativa, talenti comunicativi al servizio di concetti che altrimenti sarebbero per la media ostici ed impraticabili. Non fa differenza questo testo, anzi in alcuni punti sembra emulare nell'ironia il capolavoro "Storia di quasi tutto". Insomma è un testo leggero e che si fa leggere, pieno di teorie bizzarre e geniali, dall'attore Kevin Bacon ispiratore inconsapevole di matematismi alle storie sbarazzine degli scienziati. Bene. Poi il testo si fa ripetitivo, pesante, ridondante ed irritante. Soprattutto per chi ha davvero creduto nelle scienze sociali; e ancora una volta, irrimediabilmente, un altro filone scientifico inutile ed arrogante sulla pretesa di studiare gli esseri umani da un punto di vista matematico quantisitico. Ma basta, non ce la si fa più, lasciate gli esseri umani nella loro irrazionalità ed imprevedibilità, e concentriamo le conquiste della teoria dei giochi per comprendere la subatomica, invece di uccidere alberi ed alberi con tante parole piene di niente. Libro simpatico per il viaggio che offre nelle nuove teorie (sempre matematiche, ovvio), ma la cui inutilità si fa palese già verso la sua metà.

  18. 4 out of 5

    Giulietta

    Quando si è vissuti a lungo ci si può domandare se sia possibile trovare un equilibrio di Nash, una strategia vincente nella vita. (...) Io non mi considero un vincitore nel gioco della vita. So che in certi settori sembra che io sia un perdente, quindi mi considero un vincente in certe aree e un perdente in altre. Non si può pretendere di avere successo in tutti i campi: successo in famiglia, successo nel lavoro, successo negli sport, e così via. Penso che occorra prenderla con filosofia, senti Quando si è vissuti a lungo ci si può domandare se sia possibile trovare un equilibrio di Nash, una strategia vincente nella vita. (...) Io non mi considero un vincitore nel gioco della vita. So che in certi settori sembra che io sia un perdente, quindi mi considero un vincente in certe aree e un perdente in altre. Non si può pretendere di avere successo in tutti i campi: successo in famiglia, successo nel lavoro, successo negli sport, e così via. Penso che occorra prenderla con filosofia, sentirsi felici anche se non si è vincitori. Io la prendo con filosofia. Voglio dire che essere soddisfatti è qualcosa di diverso. (...) Chissà, forse la mia vita è un hotel a tre stelle. La malattia può rendere la vita meno monotona. in questo senso può sembrare che una persona che attraversa periodi di malattia e periodi di buona salute abbia una vita più interessante. John Nash, premio Nobel per l'Economia nel 1994

  19. 5 out of 5

    Tom

    I have to admit that I have mixed views on this book. I'm glad I read it since the author provides some interesting and sometimes compelling information on the cross-discipline applications of game theory and some of the history and evolution of game theory (along with other areas of study). On the negative side, the author seemed to try to connect the subject to popular and/or modern areas. I can understand his desire to make the book more approachable to a broader audience, but achieving the ri I have to admit that I have mixed views on this book. I'm glad I read it since the author provides some interesting and sometimes compelling information on the cross-discipline applications of game theory and some of the history and evolution of game theory (along with other areas of study). On the negative side, the author seemed to try to connect the subject to popular and/or modern areas. I can understand his desire to make the book more approachable to a broader audience, but achieving the right balance to satisfy a broad audience is always difficult. I was looking for something a bit deeper mathematically and more narrowly focused on Nash's work. Overall I would recommend this book to people who have an interest in mathematics, but don't expect this book to answer all questions or provide more than a good baseline to leverage as a starting point.

  20. 4 out of 5

    Fzk

    "در نگاه اول، تماشاچی بودن مزیتی برای بقا ایجاد می کند. وقتی تماشاچی هستید، احتمال کمتری دارد که کشته شوید تا وقتی که می جنگید، اما نباید برای فرار از خطر جنگ فقط تماشاچی باشید. به سادگی می توانید تا جایی که لازم است از صحنه جنگ دور شوید. با این همه ممکن است روزی خودتان را در جنگی اجتناب ناپذیر بیابید که در این صورت دانستن تاریخچه حریفتان مزیتی ویژه خواهد بود. نمی توانید همیشه از جنگ فرار کنید." "زاک اعتقاد دارد که رابطه بین اعتماد و اکسی توسین در درک بسیاری از بیماری های اقتصادی جهان مهم است. اک "در نگاه اول، تماشاچی بودن مزیتی برای بقا ایجاد می کند. وقتی تماشاچی هستید، احتمال کمتری دارد که کشته شوید تا وقتی که می جنگید، اما نباید برای فرار از خطر جنگ فقط تماشاچی باشید. به سادگی می توانید تا جایی که لازم است از صحنه جنگ دور شوید. با این همه ممکن است روزی خودتان را در جنگی اجتناب ناپذیر بیابید که در این صورت دانستن تاریخچه حریفتان مزیتی ویژه خواهد بود. نمی توانید همیشه از جنگ فرار کنید." "زاک اعتقاد دارد که رابطه بین اعتماد و اکسی توسین در درک بسیاری از بیماری های اقتصادی جهان مهم است. اکسی توسین با خوشحالی ارتباط دارد و کشورهایی که مردمشان خوشحال ترند کشورهایی هستند که مردمشان اعتماد زیادی به یکدیگر می کنند. سطح اعتماد معرف مناسبی برای خوب بودن وضعیت اقتصادی کشور است. زاک می گوید: «اقتصاددانان دریافته اند اعتماد از بزرگترین چیزهایی است که با رشد اقتصادی ارتباط دارد».

  21. 4 out of 5

    Amir Hesam

    کتاب تاریخچه و کاربردهای مختلف نظریه‌ بازی‌ها را به اجمال در حوزه‌های مختلف بیان می‌کند بدون آنکه وارد جزئیات ریاضی آن‌ها بشود (به جز البته چند مثال از هسته اصلی نظریه بازی‌ها که فکر می‌کنم به جذابیت آن می‌فزاید). از این نظر به نظرم برای خواننده‌ای که چندان آشنایی با کاربردهای نظریه بازی‌ها ندارد جالب باشد. ولی به نظرم یک حداقل آشنایی برای پی بردن به عمق برخی کاربردها نیاز باشد. در کل کتاب را به خاطر بیان برخی کاربردهای متنوع نظریه بازی‌ها که از قبل نمی‌دانستم دوست داشتم و باعث شد علاقمند شوم در کتاب تاریخچه و کاربردهای مختلف نظریه‌ بازی‌ها را به اجمال در حوزه‌های مختلف بیان می‌کند بدون آنکه وارد جزئیات ریاضی آن‌ها بشود (به جز البته چند مثال از هسته اصلی نظریه بازی‌ها که فکر می‌کنم به جذابیت آن می‌فزاید). از این نظر به نظرم برای خواننده‌ای که چندان آشنایی با کاربردهای نظریه بازی‌ها ندارد جالب باشد. ولی به نظرم یک حداقل آشنایی برای پی بردن به عمق برخی کاربردها نیاز باشد. در کل کتاب را به خاطر بیان برخی کاربردهای متنوع نظریه بازی‌ها که از قبل نمی‌دانستم دوست داشتم و باعث شد علاقمند شوم در آن حوزه‌ها مطالعات بیشتری داشته باشم.

  22. 4 out of 5

    Saied

    کتاب با تصور من خیلی متفاوت بود و نه کتاب تاریخی و زندگی‌نامه بود نه کتاب عمیق علمی و بررسی سرسری از شاخه نظریه بازی‌‌ها تو ریاضیات بود

  23. 5 out of 5

    Majid Hosseini

    ذهنیتی که نسبت به این کتاب داشتم این بود که علمی‌تر در مورد نظریه بازی‌ها بپردازه و به خاطر همین یه مقدار ضد حال خوردم اما در کل کتاب خوبی بود.

  24. 5 out of 5

    Margaret

    Had to abandon it. Too dry and over my head.

  25. 5 out of 5

    Rossrn Nunamaker

    I finished A Beautiful Math by Tom Siegfriend last week. Not the subject for everyone, but if you were ever interested in game theory or a code of nature, this was a very interesting read addressing both the origins and current practices and use of game theory. Siegfried's writing was accessible and understandable to the layman (like me). The title was a play on the biography of John Nash that became the hit movie "A Beautiful Mind". Nash won the Nobel Prize in economics in 1994 for his pioneering I finished A Beautiful Math by Tom Siegfriend last week. Not the subject for everyone, but if you were ever interested in game theory or a code of nature, this was a very interesting read addressing both the origins and current practices and use of game theory. Siegfried's writing was accessible and understandable to the layman (like me). The title was a play on the biography of John Nash that became the hit movie "A Beautiful Mind". Nash won the Nobel Prize in economics in 1994 for his pioneering research published in the 1950s on game theory. I was first exposed to game theory during political science classes in college and again at both a project management course and an executive education program. Game theory's most well known example is the "prisoner's dilemma" a zero-sum game that addresses risk and reward, but the book goes well beyond that to discuss how game theory is now being used in all fields of science, and as a result, the author contends it may be the key to a "Code of Nature" crossing all branches and disciplines. Again, not for everyone, but if there is an interest in this field/area, it was a very well-written and informative book on the subject that was in fact enjoyable to read.

  26. 4 out of 5

    Tapani Aulu

    Muuten meni vähän otsikon ohi, sillä kirjassa ei oikeastaan edes mainittu John Nashia, peliteoriaa käytiin niin pintapuolisesti että alkoi maalikkoakin jo häiritä se rautalangasta vääntäminen ja "luonnon koodi" jäi sille tasolle, että kirjoittajan mukaan kaikki on peliteoriaa. Jäi vähän sellainen maku että kaveri on innostunut Asimoveistaan vähän liikaa ja koettaa väkisin sorvata kaiken peliteoriamuottiin mainosmielessä. Varsinainen sisältö oli siis ohkaista, mutta kieltämättä peliteorian todell Muuten meni vähän otsikon ohi, sillä kirjassa ei oikeastaan edes mainittu John Nashia, peliteoriaa käytiin niin pintapuolisesti että alkoi maalikkoakin jo häiritä se rautalangasta vääntäminen ja "luonnon koodi" jäi sille tasolle, että kirjoittajan mukaan kaikki on peliteoriaa. Jäi vähän sellainen maku että kaveri on innostunut Asimoveistaan vähän liikaa ja koettaa väkisin sorvata kaiken peliteoriamuottiin mainosmielessä. Varsinainen sisältö oli siis ohkaista, mutta kieltämättä peliteorian todellinen tai melkein todellinen linkittyminen vähän kaikkeen oli varsin kiinnostavaa ja houkuttelevaa. Tästä aiheesta olisi oikein mielenkiintoista lukea vähän enemmänkin.

  27. 4 out of 5

    Mark Schomburg

    Tom Siegfried takes seriously enough a lot of science fictional concepts such as Isaac Asimov's "psychohistory" and puts these into a new more modern context. What's very heartwarming about this is that a reader familiar with some fictional worlds will find a friend here interfacing those worlds to our present day economics or what not. Though this book lists Nash in the title, and there is coverage of that economist within, a lot more ground is covered beyond that. If the title draws you in at Tom Siegfried takes seriously enough a lot of science fictional concepts such as Isaac Asimov's "psychohistory" and puts these into a new more modern context. What's very heartwarming about this is that a reader familiar with some fictional worlds will find a friend here interfacing those worlds to our present day economics or what not. Though this book lists Nash in the title, and there is coverage of that economist within, a lot more ground is covered beyond that. If the title draws you in at all, be assured there is yet more to ponder.

  28. 4 out of 5

    Ouden

    Il libro analizza vari aspetti della complessità, utilizzando come chiave di lettura della teoria dei giochi. Lo stile è molto giornalistico, ma risulta scorrevole e apprezzabile. Interessante per l'analisi multidisciplinare e per la panoramica, non approfondisce (chiaramente) i vari aspetti e non entra nei tecnicismi, ma descrive in modo abbastanza completo le varie declinazioni (alcune impensabili) della teoria dei giochi. Parla tutto il tempo di psicostoria, non potevo che trovarlo interessant Il libro analizza vari aspetti della complessità, utilizzando come chiave di lettura della teoria dei giochi. Lo stile è molto giornalistico, ma risulta scorrevole e apprezzabile. Interessante per l'analisi multidisciplinare e per la panoramica, non approfondisce (chiaramente) i vari aspetti e non entra nei tecnicismi, ma descrive in modo abbastanza completo le varie declinazioni (alcune impensabili) della teoria dei giochi. Parla tutto il tempo di psicostoria, non potevo che trovarlo interessante.

  29. 5 out of 5

    Ton van Gessel

    The book says to be about the math of Nash. There is very little math in this book. It is an overview in general terms about game theory. It is about applied math with a light focus on the social sciences. At first I was a bit puzzled by the fact they seem to be adjusting the math to fit the observations but that's applied math (I think). I did rate it three stars but that's because the subject is new to me and as a gentle introduction it's ok . I do think the author overestimates the importance The book says to be about the math of Nash. There is very little math in this book. It is an overview in general terms about game theory. It is about applied math with a light focus on the social sciences. At first I was a bit puzzled by the fact they seem to be adjusting the math to fit the observations but that's applied math (I think). I did rate it three stars but that's because the subject is new to me and as a gentle introduction it's ok . I do think the author overestimates the importance of game theory but maybe time will prove me wrong.

  30. 5 out of 5

    John Orman

    Picked up this book because of my current enrollment in an online course in Game Theory from Stanford University. Very interesting review of the Game Theory work of John Nash, Nobel Prize winner in Economics, who was profiled in the movie "A Beautiful Mind." Shows how it can be used to model and predict many actions in society and nature. Nash equilibrium, a major concept in game theory, is discussed in several different contexts, but this is not a heavy-duty math book loaded with equations. Picked up this book because of my current enrollment in an online course in Game Theory from Stanford University. Very interesting review of the Game Theory work of John Nash, Nobel Prize winner in Economics, who was profiled in the movie "A Beautiful Mind." Shows how it can be used to model and predict many actions in society and nature. Nash equilibrium, a major concept in game theory, is discussed in several different contexts, but this is not a heavy-duty math book loaded with equations.

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