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Questing for Answers is a comprehensive history of philosophy; psychology, and sociology. In his quest to discover the nature of the Universe, Thales of Miletus argued that water is the fundamental material from which all else derives; whilst Democritus deduced that everything in the Cosmos consists of indivisible atoms (Grk: atomon: uncuttable). The founder of Logic, Aris Questing for Answers is a comprehensive history of philosophy; psychology, and sociology. In his quest to discover the nature of the Universe, Thales of Miletus argued that water is the fundamental material from which all else derives; whilst Democritus deduced that everything in the Cosmos consists of indivisible atoms (Grk: atomon: uncuttable). The founder of Logic, Aristotle asserted: all men are mortal; (major premiss) Socrates is a man; (minor premiss) therefore Socrates is mortal (conclusion). In Ethics, the Roman Stoic philosopher, Marcus Aurelius, maintained that nothing should be regarded as good if it makes people exhibit hatred, suspicion, ill-will, or the desire to do things behind closed doors. Ibn Rushd (Averroes) viewed religion as philosophical truth in allegorical form; whilst Solomon (Avecebrol) argued that an understanding one's own nature inspires good deeds. Thomas Aquinas maintained that reason is autonomous; whilst Giovanni Pico asserted that, human beings have the capacity to change themselves through free will.Rene� Descartes viewed reason as the basis for regulating ethics and morals; John Locke defined the self as conscious of happiness and misery; Jeremy Bentham advanced the theory of the greatest good for the greatest number of people; Arthur Schopenhauer viewed the world as an irrational affair of ceaseless striving and suffering; Jean-Paul Sartre maintained that human beings are the only living creatures conscious of their own existence; whilst Hannah Arendt explained how ordinary people become actors in totalitarian systems; her legacy a strong defence of freedom; in the face of an increasingly less than free world.The first person to describe himself as a psychologist; Wilhelm Wundt was a pioneer of self-analysis; Hugo M�nsterberg applied psychological principles to eyewitness testimony; Mary Calkins identified 'the self that remains the same; the self that is changed; and the self that is unique'; whilst George Mead defined 'I' as myself as subject, and 'me' as myself as object'. Carl Jung defined 'Introversion and Extraversion'; Sigmund Freud identified the human psyche as divided into the 'Id, Ego, and Super-ego'; Abraham Maslow created the 'Hierarchy of Needs'; whilst Alfred Adler developed a theory of 'Personality Types'. Jean Piaget proposed a theory of 'Developmental Stages'; Erik Eriksson identified 'Eight Life-stage Virtues'; whilst Lawrence Kohlberg defined 'Six stages of Moral Development'. In the 1960s, the educational psychologist, B. F. Skinner, argued that teachers were trained to rely on telling and explaining, and rote learning, a memorization technique based on repetition; despite the fact that it had been proven that both methods elude comprehension.Emmanuel Joseph Siey�s coined the term Sociology to refer to the science of society; Lester Ward theorized that poverty could be minimized by society; whilst Vilfredo Pareto deduced that the ruling class invariably enriches itself; W.E.B. Du Bois argued that capitalism is the primary cause of racism; �mile Durkheim extended scientific rationalism to human conduct; whilst Max Weber examined bureaucracy from a rational point of view.Alfred Schutz considered how social reality is constructed; Edwin Sutherland identified social factors as the underlying causes of crime; Herbert Marcuse maintained that workers have become consumers; whilst Arjun Appadurai argues that commodities have economic and social values. Edward Thompson maintained that capitalists rely on clock-time to ensure that the cost of labour is to their benefit; David J. Rothkopf asserted that the world population is subject to an �lite superclass; Christopher Jencks contends that the global market economy ensures that the worker receives a minimum wage for maximum output; whilst Naomi Klein defines 'McJob' as work that pays minimum wages; involves inflexible or undesirable hours; little chance of promotion; and high levels of stress.


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Questing for Answers is a comprehensive history of philosophy; psychology, and sociology. In his quest to discover the nature of the Universe, Thales of Miletus argued that water is the fundamental material from which all else derives; whilst Democritus deduced that everything in the Cosmos consists of indivisible atoms (Grk: atomon: uncuttable). The founder of Logic, Aris Questing for Answers is a comprehensive history of philosophy; psychology, and sociology. In his quest to discover the nature of the Universe, Thales of Miletus argued that water is the fundamental material from which all else derives; whilst Democritus deduced that everything in the Cosmos consists of indivisible atoms (Grk: atomon: uncuttable). The founder of Logic, Aristotle asserted: all men are mortal; (major premiss) Socrates is a man; (minor premiss) therefore Socrates is mortal (conclusion). In Ethics, the Roman Stoic philosopher, Marcus Aurelius, maintained that nothing should be regarded as good if it makes people exhibit hatred, suspicion, ill-will, or the desire to do things behind closed doors. Ibn Rushd (Averroes) viewed religion as philosophical truth in allegorical form; whilst Solomon (Avecebrol) argued that an understanding one's own nature inspires good deeds. Thomas Aquinas maintained that reason is autonomous; whilst Giovanni Pico asserted that, human beings have the capacity to change themselves through free will.Rene� Descartes viewed reason as the basis for regulating ethics and morals; John Locke defined the self as conscious of happiness and misery; Jeremy Bentham advanced the theory of the greatest good for the greatest number of people; Arthur Schopenhauer viewed the world as an irrational affair of ceaseless striving and suffering; Jean-Paul Sartre maintained that human beings are the only living creatures conscious of their own existence; whilst Hannah Arendt explained how ordinary people become actors in totalitarian systems; her legacy a strong defence of freedom; in the face of an increasingly less than free world.The first person to describe himself as a psychologist; Wilhelm Wundt was a pioneer of self-analysis; Hugo M�nsterberg applied psychological principles to eyewitness testimony; Mary Calkins identified 'the self that remains the same; the self that is changed; and the self that is unique'; whilst George Mead defined 'I' as myself as subject, and 'me' as myself as object'. Carl Jung defined 'Introversion and Extraversion'; Sigmund Freud identified the human psyche as divided into the 'Id, Ego, and Super-ego'; Abraham Maslow created the 'Hierarchy of Needs'; whilst Alfred Adler developed a theory of 'Personality Types'. Jean Piaget proposed a theory of 'Developmental Stages'; Erik Eriksson identified 'Eight Life-stage Virtues'; whilst Lawrence Kohlberg defined 'Six stages of Moral Development'. In the 1960s, the educational psychologist, B. F. Skinner, argued that teachers were trained to rely on telling and explaining, and rote learning, a memorization technique based on repetition; despite the fact that it had been proven that both methods elude comprehension.Emmanuel Joseph Siey�s coined the term Sociology to refer to the science of society; Lester Ward theorized that poverty could be minimized by society; whilst Vilfredo Pareto deduced that the ruling class invariably enriches itself; W.E.B. Du Bois argued that capitalism is the primary cause of racism; �mile Durkheim extended scientific rationalism to human conduct; whilst Max Weber examined bureaucracy from a rational point of view.Alfred Schutz considered how social reality is constructed; Edwin Sutherland identified social factors as the underlying causes of crime; Herbert Marcuse maintained that workers have become consumers; whilst Arjun Appadurai argues that commodities have economic and social values. Edward Thompson maintained that capitalists rely on clock-time to ensure that the cost of labour is to their benefit; David J. Rothkopf asserted that the world population is subject to an �lite superclass; Christopher Jencks contends that the global market economy ensures that the worker receives a minimum wage for maximum output; whilst Naomi Klein defines 'McJob' as work that pays minimum wages; involves inflexible or undesirable hours; little chance of promotion; and high levels of stress.

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