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How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need

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In this urgent, authoritative book, Bill Gates sets out a wide-ranging, practical - and accessible - plan for how the world can get to zero greenhouse gas emissions in time to avoid a climate catastrophe. Bill Gates has spent a decade investigating the causes and effects of climate change. With the help of experts in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, p In this urgent, authoritative book, Bill Gates sets out a wide-ranging, practical - and accessible - plan for how the world can get to zero greenhouse gas emissions in time to avoid a climate catastrophe. Bill Gates has spent a decade investigating the causes and effects of climate change. With the help of experts in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, political science, and finance, he has focused on what must be done in order to stop the planet's slide toward certain environmental disaster. In this book, he not only explains why we need to work toward net-zero emissions of greenhouse gases, but also details what we need to do to achieve this profoundly important goal. He gives us a clear-eyed description of the challenges we face. Drawing on his understanding of innovation and what it takes to get new ideas into the market, he describes the areas in which technology is already helping to reduce emissions, where and how the current technology can be made to function more effectively, where breakthrough technologies are needed, and who is working on these essential innovations. Finally, he lays out a concrete, practical plan for achieving the goal of zero emissions-suggesting not only policies that governments should adopt, but what we as individuals can do to keep our government, our employers, and ourselves accountable in this crucial enterprise. As Bill Gates makes clear, achieving zero emissions will not be simple or easy to do, but if we follow the plan he sets out here, it is a goal firmly within our reach.


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In this urgent, authoritative book, Bill Gates sets out a wide-ranging, practical - and accessible - plan for how the world can get to zero greenhouse gas emissions in time to avoid a climate catastrophe. Bill Gates has spent a decade investigating the causes and effects of climate change. With the help of experts in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, p In this urgent, authoritative book, Bill Gates sets out a wide-ranging, practical - and accessible - plan for how the world can get to zero greenhouse gas emissions in time to avoid a climate catastrophe. Bill Gates has spent a decade investigating the causes and effects of climate change. With the help of experts in the fields of physics, chemistry, biology, engineering, political science, and finance, he has focused on what must be done in order to stop the planet's slide toward certain environmental disaster. In this book, he not only explains why we need to work toward net-zero emissions of greenhouse gases, but also details what we need to do to achieve this profoundly important goal. He gives us a clear-eyed description of the challenges we face. Drawing on his understanding of innovation and what it takes to get new ideas into the market, he describes the areas in which technology is already helping to reduce emissions, where and how the current technology can be made to function more effectively, where breakthrough technologies are needed, and who is working on these essential innovations. Finally, he lays out a concrete, practical plan for achieving the goal of zero emissions-suggesting not only policies that governments should adopt, but what we as individuals can do to keep our government, our employers, and ourselves accountable in this crucial enterprise. As Bill Gates makes clear, achieving zero emissions will not be simple or easy to do, but if we follow the plan he sets out here, it is a goal firmly within our reach.

30 review for How to Avoid a Climate Disaster: The Solutions We Have and the Breakthroughs We Need

  1. 4 out of 5

    Emily May

    I wish I liked this book a bit more than I did because I'd love to counteract some of the negative comments from people who I suspect never read the book (ten years on Goodreads and this still makes my blood boil). Oddly, the negative reactions seem to fall primarily into two categories: 1) Bill Gates is a rich evil oligarch who only wrote this book to get even more money (muahaha), and 2) Bill Gates is an evil Marxist who only wrote this book to encourage the government to employ socialism (mua I wish I liked this book a bit more than I did because I'd love to counteract some of the negative comments from people who I suspect never read the book (ten years on Goodreads and this still makes my blood boil). Oddly, the negative reactions seem to fall primarily into two categories: 1) Bill Gates is a rich evil oligarch who only wrote this book to get even more money (muahaha), and 2) Bill Gates is an evil Marxist who only wrote this book to encourage the government to employ socialism (muahaha). Personally, I see little evidence of either. My primary suspicion is that Bill Gates is an insufferable nerd who, having already offered a technological answer to several ills plaguing the world, has now turned his attentions to solving climate change. I strongly doubt he needed the paycheck from this book. He is almost nauseatingly optimistic and self-congratulatory at times (I guess being a billionaire will do that to you), but I at least hope the celebrity of him will encourage more people to take the issues seriously. For me, this book wasn't as interesting or as enlightening as I'd hoped for. Most of it is like a beginner's guide to climate change, so I suppose it will be helpful to those who have little to no understanding of the issues. It is very accessible and easy to read, I'll give him that. Gates breaks down the science into simple concepts, explains why and how climate change is happening, and goes into all the clean energy alternatives. That's the first part of the book-- barely more than a rehash of my high school science lessons. I'm curious: my US friend about the same age as me said she never learned about climate change in school, what are other people's experiences with this? The later chapters turn to what we can do and, well, the problem is that I felt like 95% of these chapters were not about things I could do, but things that governments, environmental agencies, and tech companies could do. According to Bill Gates, the major thing the little people like me and you can do is harass our representatives about it. And yes, you should go do that. Making a fuss really can make a difference. Gates is not really a proponent of less, which is interesting, and will surely invite criticism. He proposes we focus our efforts on turning the energy we use into clean energy, rather than attempting to use less of it. I think this is at least partly because he himself has an enormous carbon footprint, but also because, as he says, the developing countries his foundation has been pouring money into need more energy to get people out of poverty and end disease, not less. I saw some people criticise this book as being a case of a ridiculously rich guy telling people poorer than him how they should live their lives and what they should eat. I didn't get that sense at all. In fact, Gates seems to see major changes to our personal lifestyles as a last resort, instead focusing on ways governments can harness clean energy alternatives to still deliver us the same amount of electricity. The book didn't teach me much - except for the bit about geoengineering, which I found quite fascinating - but I sense it's real purpose might be to grab the attention of people who have been complacent up until this point. Here is a recognizable, much-admired man putting his name on the "climate change is a serious issue" bill. Maybe it will make people take note? Or maybe it will only serve to convince skeptics that climate change is a hoax the rich folks have invented to control the rest of us. Who even knows anymore?

  2. 5 out of 5

    Jessica

    bill gates ‪is like the richest man in the world, he could probably singlehandedly pay to fix climate change and still be richer than most people, he does not need to write a book telling us that we’re the problem. especially when the real outcome of this book will be him profiting from the sales and getting richer and still not putting his money where is mouth is to fix shit. i’d rather read stuff like this from people who aren’t literal billionaires who could do a lot to save the planet if the bill gates ‪is like the richest man in the world, he could probably singlehandedly pay to fix climate change and still be richer than most people, he does not need to write a book telling us that we’re the problem. especially when the real outcome of this book will be him profiting from the sales and getting richer and still not putting his money where is mouth is to fix shit. i’d rather read stuff like this from people who aren’t literal billionaires who could do a lot to save the planet if they just stopped hoarding so much wealth for status reasons. so fuck this book. read the one by extinction rebellion or something instead.

  3. 4 out of 5

    Sean Barrs

    Bill Gates has great motives here and a high degree of personal integrity and honesty, I'll give him that. He wrote this book because he felt that it needed to be written and that it could do some good in the world. Though in reality, this is not a book for you or for me. It is not a book about how we can tackle climate change. It is a book about how Gates thinks governments should act to tackle it and how rich people should tackle it. Our actions are not important enough. And, naturally, I take Bill Gates has great motives here and a high degree of personal integrity and honesty, I'll give him that. He wrote this book because he felt that it needed to be written and that it could do some good in the world. Though in reality, this is not a book for you or for me. It is not a book about how we can tackle climate change. It is a book about how Gates thinks governments should act to tackle it and how rich people should tackle it. Our actions are not important enough. And, naturally, I take a few issues with his viewpoint, a viewpoint that perceives the world from a rich man’s perspective and ignores the significance of the everyday person. Gates does not believe in half measures. He believes the only way to deal with the issue is to reach Carbon Zero across all nations. As such, he does not advocate for methods to reduce energy consumption (and thus less carbon) but instead proposes that the world (namely the superpowers) should invest in clean energy, technology and plant-based agriculture as alternatives for what we already use. He does not propose a change in human behaviour, greed or the distribution of resources, but instead insists that we can continue as we are but in a cleaner more efficient way. In this, there is an almost complete disregard for individual agency. We cannot rely on governments to do everything. He believes the only way you and I can affect change is to lobby the powers that be. We must annoy and harass our governments and representatives to act. Changing our own lives and attempting to better our behaviour and emissions is the last, and least effective, resort. Our individual actions are not important enough by this logic to make any significant difference in the world. We must trust in the government and attempt to direct them onto a more environmentally friendly path. Every large-scale movement in history has occurred because of the power of individual activists who inspired their followers, whether directly or indirectly, to change themselves and attempt to reform others and the world. This is how true change occurs. Mahatma Ghandi, Malcolm X, Martin Luther King Jr, Greta Thunberg are examples of people who worked towards their respective causes without the support of higher powers. Yes, they lobbied governments, but they understood that everyone must change too. We cannot simply rely on the government to put the best interests of the people and the environment above their own self-interest (and wealth.) Gates attempts to present a case that environmentally friendly investments are money lucrative; he is actively trying to persuade people that this is the future. And he may be right, but it is not enough. I appreciate the fact, and his recognition, that he is not perfect. Gates knows that he has a massive carbon footprint. He is aware that he, in the past, had invested in fossil fuels. But he wants to learn and grow and become a better person in order to help the world. He is not claiming to be an environmental saint, just a man who has used his wealth to try to understand (and perhaps even) tackle climate change. But I feel that Bill Gates misses a crucial point entirely in this regard. We are all in this mess together. We all need to act on an individual basis to change it. And this is something Gates does not give nearly enough weight. ___________________________________ You can connect with me on social media via My Linktree. __________________________________

  4. 5 out of 5

    Dr. Appu Sasidharan

    Summary (Regular Review) Do you think that climate change is a hoax created by billionaires to control developing countries? How can a person with a high carbon footprint like Bill Gates, who took his own private jet ironically for the Paris summit, talk about climate change? Bill Gates tries to answer many controversial questions like these and tries to give us solutions for avoiding a climate disaster through this book. What I learned from this book 1) Nature’s defense against cli Summary (Regular Review) Do you think that climate change is a hoax created by billionaires to control developing countries? How can a person with a high carbon footprint like Bill Gates, who took his own private jet ironically for the Paris summit, talk about climate change? Bill Gates tries to answer many controversial questions like these and tries to give us solutions for avoiding a climate disaster through this book. What I learned from this book 1) Nature’s defense against climate change Nature has its own defense mechanisms against climate change. Human interference is altering this balance of the ecosystem and is causing devastating changes in our climate. The author is giving a good example of mangroves forests. He says that investing in expanding nature's defense mechanism like planting more mangroves is better than expensive, impractical methods, which are complicated to implement. "Mangroves are short trees that grow on coastlines, having adapted to life in saltwater. They reduce storm surges, prevent coastal flooding and protect fish habitats. All told, mangroves help to reduce the world from 80 billion-dollar losses from floods, and they save billions more in other ways. Planting mangroves is much cheaper than building breakwaters, and the trees also improve the water quality. Very great investment." 2) How quickly should we reach the zero-emissions? The author tells us the importance of net-zero emissions and why we should try harder to attain zero emissions to protect our environment. “How quickly do we need to get to zero? Science tells us that in order to avoid a climate catastrophe, rich countries should reach net-zero emissions by 2050. You've probably heard people say we can decarbonize deeply even sooner—by 2030." 3) Climate change and pandemic When Coronavirus struck us as a massive pandemic, and when the world came to a standstill, there was a 5% reduction in carbon emission. But this is only a temporary reduction in emission. The author tells us that if we keep ignoring the warning signs of climate change, we all will land up in a more terrible situation than any pandemic. "We are at the same point today with climate change as we were several years ago with pandemics. Health experts were telling us that a massive outbreak was virtually inevitable. Despite their warnings, the world didn't do enough to prepare and suddenly had to scramble to make up the lost time. We should not make the same mistake with climate change. In other words, by mid-century, climate change could be just as deadly as COVID-19, and by 2100 it could be five times as deadly." My favourite three lines from this book “There are two numbers you need to know about climate change. The first is 51 billion. The other is zero. Fifty-one billion is how many tons of greenhouse gases the world typically adds to the atmosphere every year.” "Remember that we need to find solutions for all five activities that emissions come from: making things, plugging in, growing things, getting around, and keeping cool and warm." “The countries that build great zero-carbon companies and industries will be the ones that lead the global economy in the coming decades.” What I didn’t like in this book Bill Gates clearly enlists measures that everyone should do to prevent climate change. The problem with his writing here is that he emphasizes the actions that government can implement instead of individuals. He tells us the importance of global cooperation like the Paris summit. His nature is to take the big picture first and then to try hard to solve it. “I try to get the big picture first because that gives me the context to understand the new information. I am also more likely to remember it. ” I think that there is nothing wrong with Gates's approach of considering the big picture first. In fact, it is one of the best ways to tackle the problem. The problem arises when he gives significantly less importance to the smaller issues, which are also crucial as they have the propensity to become a bigger problem if we ignore them. I expected some special announcements or plans the author himself will implement to prevent climate change in this book. But sadly, I didn't see any such thing. But let's hope that he believes more in action than words and will talk about it after successfully implementing it. Rating 3/5 This book indeed gave me some new information about climate change but not to the level I expected. I saw many extremely negative reviews about this book, especially as the author garnered a lot of negative attention after the multiple conspiracy theories involving him. I don't think it is a terrible book like most of them are pointing out. I can't call it an excellent book either. It will be a good read if you haven't read any book about climate change.

  5. 5 out of 5

    Elyse Walters

    Audiobook... read by Bill Gates and Will Wheaton As we moved towards a zero carbon future.... we’re still allowed to eat toast. There are some things we ( little us) can do to help: .... conserve water .... reduce, reuse, recycle .... choose sustainable ....plant a tree.... ....but.... "we have every reason to worry"!!! With International cooperation and education.... Bill Gates is still hopeful we can save the planet. 🌍 Audiobook... read by Bill Gates and Will Wheaton As we moved towards a zero carbon future.... we’re still allowed to eat toast. There are some things we ( little us) can do to help: .... conserve water .... reduce, reuse, recycle .... choose sustainable ....plant a tree.... ....but.... "we have every reason to worry"!!! With International cooperation and education.... Bill Gates is still hopeful we can save the planet. 🌍

  6. 5 out of 5

    Corvus

    This just in: tech billionaire responsible for some of the worst pollution and disaster on this planet shares his wisdom about saving us from pollution and disaster on this planet while flying around in one of his multiple private jets to one of his mansions.. Do you all realize how much money this man has? Don't give him more by promoting and lifting up this garbage book. Spend your time reading and learning about grassroots radical environmental work instead of billionaires telling individuals This just in: tech billionaire responsible for some of the worst pollution and disaster on this planet shares his wisdom about saving us from pollution and disaster on this planet while flying around in one of his multiple private jets to one of his mansions.. Do you all realize how much money this man has? Don't give him more by promoting and lifting up this garbage book. Spend your time reading and learning about grassroots radical environmental work instead of billionaires telling individuals they can stop climate change by using less tap water or whatever. I think a great way to avoid FURTHER climate disaster (because we're already in the 6th extinction) is to make it impossible for billionaires to exist.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Khurram

    A great informative, optimistic, and ambitious plan and story. Bill Gates does an incredible job of explaining the extent of the climate disaster we are heading to, but where we are, what we can do and what we must do. Everything is well explained and easy to follow. The other thing I really like is when Bill Gates shows he really knows his that readers are thinking by speaking directly. He will go from giving an explanation then write "I know it easy for a rich man like me to tell everyone what A great informative, optimistic, and ambitious plan and story. Bill Gates does an incredible job of explaining the extent of the climate disaster we are heading to, but where we are, what we can do and what we must do. Everything is well explained and easy to follow. The other thing I really like is when Bill Gates shows he really knows his that readers are thinking by speaking directly. He will go from giving an explanation then write "I know it easy for a rich man like me to tell everyone what yo do". These personal touches and his sense of humour (especially in the agriculture chapter) make the facts easy to digest and remember. Nothing us sugar coated in this book, the fight before us is laid out and nothing will be easy or cheap or even quick but everything needs to be done. This is a great book for people like me who only know (or thought I knew) the basics of Climate change. There so many things side effects of global warming that I did not even think about. On top of that the very simple reason for using fossil fuels and the consequences of using them. The other think I liked about the book is Bill doesn't just say this is what should be done but why it is not done. Be it because of technology or financial limitations.

  8. 4 out of 5

    Jenna

    I wasn't going to mention the "controversy" over this book, but the more I think about it, the more I think I should. (If you aren't bothered -as you shouldn't be- by these hypocrisy claims and want to skip to my thoughts on the book, I'll note with a line of dashes where it begins.) Reading all the one star "reviews" for this book almost kept me from reading it. "But he's a hypocrite!", the 'reviewers' claim. And my brain echoed, "But he's a hypocrite! Why should I listen to what he has to say?" I wasn't going to mention the "controversy" over this book, but the more I think about it, the more I think I should. (If you aren't bothered -as you shouldn't be- by these hypocrisy claims and want to skip to my thoughts on the book, I'll note with a line of dashes where it begins.) Reading all the one star "reviews" for this book almost kept me from reading it. "But he's a hypocrite!", the 'reviewers' claim. And my brain echoed, "But he's a hypocrite! Why should I listen to what he has to say?". However, even if someone is a hypocrite it doesn't mean we can't learn from them. Most of these one and two star reviews are from people who didn't read the book (and I'll explain how I know that). They just assume Bill's a hypocrite because that's what someone told them, and they repeat it. How easy to get off the hook. Claim a man who's teaching about climate change is a hypocrite and then you don't have to listen. You can keep doing whatever it is we're all doing to fuck up the climate and no one can blame you because you think one of the people who wrote a book about it is a hypocrite. Get over yourselves already. You hate the man because he's a billionaire and you want a reason why you don't have to feel responsible for climate change when we all are. The reason I know many of these people didn't read the book (aside from some saying they didn't) is that in the introduction to this book, Bill addresses the accusations of hypocrisy. Had they bothered to just read the first few pages, they would have seen their allegations are without substance. Here are some common complaints in these "reviews" that try to convince people not to read a book they themselves haven't read - and the reasons they're full of crap. 1. Claim: He uses private jets and travels internationally. Fact: Bill Gates has begun using sustainable jet fuel that is made from renewable and alternative raw material in replacement of petroleum based fuels. It is a clean substitute for fossil fuels. Extremely expensive, but the guy's a billionaire and can afford it. 2. Claim: He eats meat. Fact: Unfortunately, yes, he still does. Occasionally. Mostly he eats plant-based meats. I don't understand why he has to have an occasional burger when he has admitted that you often can't tell the difference between today's plant-based burgers like Impossible Burger and Beyond Meat and the "real thing" (I wouldn't know, I have no desire to try something that looks and tastes like real meat)..... so it must be some psychological need to eat animal meat occasionally? I don't know. Gross. But that's just me. Is it bad for the environment? Yes, which is why he's mostly cut out meat, which is more than a lot of people have done. Give him a break. 3. Claim: He invests in the fossil fuel industry. Fact: Bill had a small fraction of investments in fossil-fuel companies (the majority in renewables). He realized the reasons he shouldn't own stock in fossil fuel companies and in 2019 divested all of his direct holdings in oil and gas companies (he hadn't invested in coal in several years). These are the top three reasons I've seen trying to convince people not to read this book, both in articles and reviews. Another is people who allege, without any evidence at all, that climate change isn't real or, if it is, it has nothing to do with humans. This review isn't the place to address those misinformed people who have gullibly slurped up the lies the fossil fuel industry pours out like thick, oily sludge. Let's move on to the book. ------------------------------------- Unlike what some have claimed, How to Avoid a Climate Disaster is not a preachy book. Bill Gates at no time tells people, you have to stop doing this, this, and this!  He knows it's unlikely people will ever totally give up meat, or stop driving and flying, or decide we don't like electricity. Instead of telling us we shouldn't do these things, he tells us why they lead to climate change and how technology might be able to help us make these activities carbon neutral. As he says, it's not bad in itself to use energy. If we were using clean, renewable energy, we could use ten, fifteen, one hundred times as much and it wouldn't be a problem.  The key is getting to a place where we have zero greenhouse gas emissions so that we don't continue to heat up the atmosphere. We are on the road to disaster if we don't change the way we do things. Climate scientists know this but the fossil fuel industry plays the tobacco industry's game of spreading misinformation and doubt among the public.  If we can be convinced that there's uncertainty among scientists, we can easily dismiss them. Oh, look at that! There's a doctor smoking a cigarette! It must not be bad for us after all!  No matter what we want to believe, facts are facts. Bill Gates outlines what we can expect to happen by mid-century and by end-of-this-century if we don't get to zero emissions within the near future. He breaks everything down into easy-to-understand language. Mr. Gates explains how things like electricity and fertilizer work. Why fossil fuels are so cheap. What exactly happens in the atmosphere as we release greenhouse gases into it. What is the Green Premium. What are the limits of solar and wind energy, and also where and how we can get the most from them. Why nuclear energy isn't as bad as many fear it is. And so much more. After telling some of what we can expect to see from climate change, he goes through the top culprits of greenhouse gases, explaining how they work and how we might be able to make them carbon neutral in the near future.  He acknowledges it's pretty much impossible to expect humans to not only stop using so much energy but also to not increase our demand for it. Energy use itself is not a problem though, if we can get it to zero emissions. I enjoyed learning more about how we might employ direct capture and point capture technology to remove greenhouse gases from the environment or even directly from waste before it is released into the atmosphere. I personally do not share Mr. Gates' optimism that governments of the world will suddenly start working together and corporations will get cleaner and we'll come up with new innovations and technology in time to avert disaster. I hope we do.... but I'm just not all that optimistic.  There's a lot of clear and interesting information in this book and I highly recommend it to anyone wanting to learn about the basics of climate change. Whether or not you're a fan of Bill Gates, knowledge is knowledge and you don't have to like the messenger. Or Windows [shudder]. My only complaints, keeping this from receiving 5 stars, are: there is a lot of repetition (the last two chapters were boring - reiterating material that was already discussed), and Mr Gates is constantly informing us of all the admirable things he does. It's good he invests in all these clean energy companies and technologies, and provides vaccines for children in developing countries, etc. I wish more rich people would try to give back to the world and help as many people as the Gates do. But it got tedious hearing about it.  This book is well worth reading in spite of that. Don't let the naysayers keep you from learning. 

  9. 4 out of 5

    Aaron Akbar

    Highly readable, and extremely practical, Gates sorts out the mess of data in concise terms without making the information feel like too much. Initially disconcerting, the first part of the book lays out the problem by merging hard facts with snapshots of possible futures. But then the book turns around and lays out exactly what we can and need to do, and the challenges we face in the process. And to be clear, this isn't individual fixes. The focus is on widespread policy and economics. The end Highly readable, and extremely practical, Gates sorts out the mess of data in concise terms without making the information feel like too much. Initially disconcerting, the first part of the book lays out the problem by merging hard facts with snapshots of possible futures. But then the book turns around and lays out exactly what we can and need to do, and the challenges we face in the process. And to be clear, this isn't individual fixes. The focus is on widespread policy and economics. The end result is a jump start that alerts you, but also kicks you into gear. We all need to read this book, and get fired up before the Earth itself sets fire.

  10. 5 out of 5

    Jeffrey Keeten

    ”To stop global warming and avoid the worst effects of climate change, humans need to stop adding greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. This sounds difficult, because it will be. The world has never done anything quite this big. Every country will need to change its ways, because virtually every activity in modern life--growing things, making things, getting around from place to place--involves releasing greenhouse gases. If nothing else changes, the world will keep producing greenhouse gases, clima ”To stop global warming and avoid the worst effects of climate change, humans need to stop adding greenhouse gases to the atmosphere. This sounds difficult, because it will be. The world has never done anything quite this big. Every country will need to change its ways, because virtually every activity in modern life--growing things, making things, getting around from place to place--involves releasing greenhouse gases. If nothing else changes, the world will keep producing greenhouse gases, climate change will keep getting worse, and the impact on humans will in all likelihood be catastrophic.” The moment I became politically cognizant was about the same time I started to think about the ongoing health of the little blue planet I called home. President Jimmy Carter was the first president I actively supported; I was nine years old and soon discovered that nearly every person I knew, family, friends, and nodding acquaintances, were Republicans, so my support for Carter had to be kept a carefully guarded secret. I didn’t need to give people more reason to think I was...weird. They already had plenty of reasons to think there was something odd about me because of how much time I spent reading books. When Carter won the election, shocking the vast numbers of Republicans in my life, I realized that there were a lot of like-minded people out there, beyond the small pond I’d been spawned in. There was hope. But that is just backstory. When I first realized I was an environmentalist was when President Ronald Reagan had the solar panels, installed by Carter, removed from the White House. I was frankly shocked. It was, in retrospect, a relatively small thing, but it sent a message of disdain to those of us who cared about the future of clean air, clean water, and embracing our responsibility for being good stewards to our planet. Interestingly enough one of those thirty-two solar panels now resides in the Smithsonian and another is in a science museum in Dezhou, China. The politicalized nature of our society became a much starker reality in recent years when an irresponsible president proceeded to do everything he could to destroy decades of progressive environmental policy. Bill Gates does his level best to keep this book nonpolitical, but he does mention how difficult it is to achieve progress when innovative research is greenlighted by one administration only to be defunded four or eight years later. One step forward, two steps back. The purpose of this book is to introduce the extent of our environmental problems and present a viable, flexible plan as to how to save our planet from climate disaster. Gates is a fan of the book Weather for Dummies, which is actually a fantastic intro to those of us who are not weather experts, and that book may have been a model for the way he wanted to present the facts in this book. So, those people who are well versed with the issues of climate change will probably not find a lot of new information here, (although for me the section on geoengineering was fascinating), because you are not the target audience. You are already on board, or you decided a long time ago that climate change is fake news, and no mountain of evidence to the contrary will change your mind. To me, this book is directed towards our younger generations, millennials and zoomers. They are the generations who will bear the brunt of our evolving environmental disasters, and they are the ones who will ultimately have to flock in large numbers to the polls every two years, not just every four years, to make sure that environmentally progressive representatives are elected at all levels of our government. That’s not to say that Mr./ Ms. Savvy Environmentalists will not enjoy the book or benefit from reading/listening to the way that Gates formulates his arguments. I’m always working on refining my presentation skills to those who are ambivalent and nonbelievers. I even still try, with bloodied forehead, to convince those who are willfully embracing ignorance because of their right of center political affiliation. Whenever I want to see my brother, who manages our family farm, start frothing at the mouth, I mention any public policy with Green in the title. He isn’t interested in any science that will force him to change his business practices. He wants the past to remain the present and continue into the future, regardless of whether it is irresponsible for the planet. So instead of embracing responsible innovation now, he would rather deny that climate change even exists. He considered wearing a mask during the pandemic an infringement of his riiaaghts, but I have a sneaking suspicion he might have been afraid of missing the pungent smell of cattle flatulence. He loves the smell of methane in the morning. It’s hard to believe that something like the future of our planet could be a political issue, but then who would have believed that a pandemic could become a political issue. Our country was nearly evenly divided down party lines on whether COVID was a real threat. The inability of our country to unite against a common enemy, a vicious virus, cost thousands of lives. This shows the size of the boulder that has to be moved uphill, and all of us must channel our inner Sisyphus to have any hopes of uniting our country, our world, in the fight for our planet. We have to keep talking. We have to keep convincing people that this threat is already changing our climate, and we ignore the science at our peril. By the time a majority of people start to feel the effects of severe cold (Hey Texas, you got a small taste just a few weeks ago), extreme heat, drought, flooding, and the devastation of superstorms, it will be too late. I say we keep all our post apocalyptic B movies on the SyFy Channel and start to make real changes for getting our emissions down to zero. I’ve noticed there are a number of negative reviews on GR that seem to focus on Bill Gates the rich a$$hole instead of Bill Gates the climate expert and writer. I guess I’ve always been fairly neutral about Gates. I never was caught up in the whole Gates vs. Jobs rivalries. I am one of those philistines who used PCs and Macs in equal measure. I’ve never been a big fan of rich people in general because I don’t really believe in the concept of billionaires or even millionaires, and I would rather dissolve big corporations and allow small businesses to thrive again, but that is a discussion outside the scope of this review. So, I can dislike the concept of billionaires without despising the man behind the wealth. In the case of this book, any animosity that someone feels about Bill Gates the successful businessman is certainly misplaced against Bill Gates the environmentalist. The sincerity of his concern for climate change and his willingness to do everything he can to move the needle of public understanding regarding this critical issue is readily apparent throughout the book. This book is about climate change issues, not about Bill Gates. ”As for the ideas you can’t support, you may feel compelled to speak out, and that’s understandable. But I hope you’ll spend more time and energy supporting whatever you’re in favor of than opposing what you’re against.” This quote can be applied to any aspect of your life. I’m not sure when we became a nation of grumbling pessimists, but it’s no way to live. I encounter people all the time who are consumed about what they didn’t like about a book or a movie and give no consideration to what they liked about them. They are equally consumed about what has gone wrong with their lives and completely disregard what is right about their lives. They write one star reviews of books that they haven’t even read to display their caustic wit for the entertainment of the witless. *Sigh* I may have just revealed one of my pet peeves. As I was writing this review, one of the things that became clear to me was how much climate change is entwined with every challenge we face. Gates has no illusions about how hard it will be for the world to move from pumping 51 billion tons of global emissions into the atmosphere to pumping zero. We have to shoot for zero because that is the only way to ensure sustainability for human endeavor on this blue planet for eons to come. We have to be leaders on this important issue or we will be the losers. As Europe becomes more focused on green issues and even China with their electric bus fleets shows a willingness to hopefully take reducing future emissions seriously, we could find ourselves left behind. They will be the innovators while we will continue to crumble under the weight of our own irresponsible behavior. I was sent a free copy of this book by the office of Bill Gates in exchange for an honest review. If you wish to see more of my most recent book and movie reviews, visit http://www.jeffreykeeten.com I also have a Facebook blogger page at:https://www.facebook.com/JeffreyKeeten and an Instagram account https://www.instagram.com/jeffreykeeten/

  11. 5 out of 5

    Twerking To Beethoven

    This...this...creature owns a mansion worth 120,000,000$, FOUR private jets (he boarded one of them to fly to Paris in order to attend the climate change summit in 2015), FIVE helicopters, SIX Porches, TWO BMWs, FOUR Mercedes and probably a big fuck-off yacht the size of a coral atoll. BUT Bill says we're the ones who're supposed to quit the following: 1. going on international holidays, 2. driving a car equipped with a petrol engine, 3. using AC, 4. living in a house with more than 4 rooms, 5. etc This...this...creature owns a mansion worth 120,000,000$, FOUR private jets (he boarded one of them to fly to Paris in order to attend the climate change summit in 2015), FIVE helicopters, SIX Porches, TWO BMWs, FOUR Mercedes and probably a big fuck-off yacht the size of a coral atoll. BUT Bill says we're the ones who're supposed to quit the following: 1. going on international holidays, 2. driving a car equipped with a petrol engine, 3. using AC, 4. living in a house with more than 4 rooms, 5. etc. Laugh? Come on, Bill. Shut your mouth.

  12. 5 out of 5

    Ryan

    In America, we love our billionaires. We love when they "innovate," we love when they offer "bold solutions" to our greatest challenges. After all, they've beat the game. Their riches are proof of their cunning & genius. It follows then, that we love when they write books. There's nothing in this you haven't heard before: five dollar buzz words, lots of talk of bringing things to market, grand plans for the entire world only a true monopolist could conjure. The problem with Mr. Gates' book, as i In America, we love our billionaires. We love when they "innovate," we love when they offer "bold solutions" to our greatest challenges. After all, they've beat the game. Their riches are proof of their cunning & genius. It follows then, that we love when they write books. There's nothing in this you haven't heard before: five dollar buzz words, lots of talk of bringing things to market, grand plans for the entire world only a true monopolist could conjure. The problem with Mr. Gates' book, as is the problem with most of these ghost-written airport shelf-fillers backed by massive PR campaigns, is that unfettered American capitalism is a foregone conclusion. There's no solution provided that doesn't allow the already wealthy to squeeze out even more profit. Fighting climate change is just another business venture, poised to line already stuffed pockets. One of the world's richest men telling us we can avert climate change by preserving the perverted economic system that got us here? Forgive my disbelief. As with most of our billionaires, Mr. Gates should stick to absorbing other companies and accepting praise. The rest of us will continue fighting against these robber barons, who seem intent on austerity for the rabble while sitting comfortably in ivory towers.

  13. 5 out of 5

    Mansoor

    Bill Gates is the biggest charlatan of all. The guy who's been investing in private-jet companies - and owns four private jets himself - tells you to eat synthetic meat and edible insects, instead of real meat, to battle climate change. Bill Gates is the biggest charlatan of all. The guy who's been investing in private-jet companies - and owns four private jets himself - tells you to eat synthetic meat and edible insects, instead of real meat, to battle climate change.

  14. 5 out of 5

    Ayibatari Ogounga

    can't wait to read this, so cool .this might be better than what Vaclav smil has to offer ...really looking forward to it. can't wait to read this, so cool .this might be better than what Vaclav smil has to offer ...really looking forward to it.

  15. 4 out of 5

    Kathleen

    Billionaires are the leading cause of climate change.

  16. 5 out of 5

    Claudia

    "This is urgent work. We are at the same point today with climate change as we were several years ago with pandemics. Health experts were telling us that a massive outbreak was virtually inevitable. Despite their warnings, the world didn't do enough to prepare - and then suddenly had to scramble to make up for lost time. We should not make the same mistake with climate change." As much as I dislike Windows, I've always admired Bill Gates for what he managed to create, and most of all, for his phi "This is urgent work. We are at the same point today with climate change as we were several years ago with pandemics. Health experts were telling us that a massive outbreak was virtually inevitable. Despite their warnings, the world didn't do enough to prepare - and then suddenly had to scramble to make up for lost time. We should not make the same mistake with climate change." As much as I dislike Windows, I've always admired Bill Gates for what he managed to create, and most of all, for his philanthropy. And because of that, I was curious to see his point of view regarding climate change. And he did his job right. There are a lot of info on all the factors that affects climate and leads to carbon (and not only) acumullation. All data are structured in separate chapters, and everything is explained on everyone's understanding. It's not exactly a science book, more likely its purpose is to raise awareness about this Damocles' sword which is about to fall on our heads. I think it's a great introduction into what climate change means, factors involved and possible solutions. Most data are focused on the US, but there are some from around the world as well. For those who are more than familiar with the subject will not be a ground-breaking reading, but it gathers numbers and statistics which are usually found from a lot of different sources, and here you have them all together. All in all, it was an interesting read. His vision is aimed on new technologies to help with this planetary problem, but I have found him a bit (too) optimistic, in regard to governments and their response to various solutions. In any case, we could all benefit from visionary and dedicated people like him, whose investments and involvement are a great asset for all of us. I wish there were more like him in these times. >>> ARC received thanks to  Penguin Press UK – Allen Lane, Particular, Pelican, Penguin Classics  via NetGalley <<<

  17. 5 out of 5

    B.K.

    More fiction to drive Gates fortune to new heights.

  18. 5 out of 5

    TEELOCK Mithilesh

    In this urgent book, Microsoft co-founder and philanthropist Bill Gates set out a wide-ranging, practical—and accessible—plan for how the world can get to zero greenhouse gas emissions in time to avoid a climate catastrophe. Drawing on his understanding of innovation and what it takes to get new ideas into the market, the tech industry titan describes the areas in which technology is already helping reduce emissions; where and how the current technology can be made to function more effectively; In this urgent book, Microsoft co-founder and philanthropist Bill Gates set out a wide-ranging, practical—and accessible—plan for how the world can get to zero greenhouse gas emissions in time to avoid a climate catastrophe. Drawing on his understanding of innovation and what it takes to get new ideas into the market, the tech industry titan describes the areas in which technology is already helping reduce emissions; where and how the current technology can be made to function more effectively; where breakthrough technologies are needed; and who is working on these essential innovations.

  19. 4 out of 5

    Voyt

    Ravings of the Globalist Trotsky Urban Yoda: He claims that 20% of the carbon dioxide emitted today will still be in the atmosphere 10,000 years later. This is not true. Gates believes that global warming will cause sea level to rise and this will cause a catastrophe. Wrong- sea level has been rising since civilization began. He thinks that overall food production will drop in the future due to climate change, growing seasons will shrink, and food prices will rise. In fact, the evidence tells us th Ravings of the Globalist Trotsky Urban Yoda: He claims that 20% of the carbon dioxide emitted today will still be in the atmosphere 10,000 years later. This is not true. Gates believes that global warming will cause sea level to rise and this will cause a catastrophe. Wrong- sea level has been rising since civilization began. He thinks that overall food production will drop in the future due to climate change, growing seasons will shrink, and food prices will rise. In fact, the evidence tells us the opposite. Gates then goes on to list numerous catastrophes predicted by IPCC computer simulations. However it is well known that the climate models used by the IPCC do not match observations. Gates observes , the new energy source will have to be cheaper than fossil fuels , also believes that the change he wants will require new technology, taxes, and government mandates. He introduces the concept of “green premiums,” which is Gates’ name for green energy subsidies and carbon taxes. He is in favor of both. Goal of net zero emmision? Almost 8 billions of people exhale CO2 every day ! Germany has been trying to achieve a 60% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and currently pays three times the U.S. rate for their electricity. He discusses products that are made from fossil fuels, like cement, fertilizer, plastic, and steel. Making these products produces the largest amount of CO2 . Yet, we will not stop using any of them, in fact, Gates estimates that as the world becomes more prosperous, we will likely need much more of them. Gates discusses fertilizer and how important it is but does not mention CO2 fertilization, which seems a contradiction. 62% of our electricity comes from fossil fuels, but Gates is hypothesizing that we can eventually make electricity without fossil fuels..lol. Biofuels will be important for ships and aircraft in Gates’ transportation plan. But, as he admits, biofuels are not environmentally friendly. Gates would also like the world to consider nuclear-powered ships, even though it could be dangerous. He does not mention that additional CO2 in the atmosphere makes most crops much more drought resistant, since with additional available CO2 they need much less water per pound of growth. He briefly discusses the impact of destroying the fossil fuel industry, which supports more than ten million jobs in the United States. Gates admits that trying to get to zero emissions by 2030 is impossible. But then he offers the equally impossible goal of 2050. Exxon projects that oil, gas and coal will supply 76% of the world’s energy in 2040 . His writing is a plea for governments to grab more power and take over ever larger parts of the private sector so they can force the public to help them destroy the fossil fuel industry. He calls for action by “all levels of government, from local transportation planners to national legislatures and environmental regulators.” Gates is megalomaniac and dangerous 'Trotsky' type Globalist (capitalism for him -more for me, communism for masses - have nothing). Gates imprecision when discussing climate science is not encouraging. Yet , as I observe, Biden in the States and Trudeau government in Canada follow his 'instructions'. What a bummer !

  20. 4 out of 5

    SoleTobel

    Fascist. Like ever. Disgusting human being.

  21. 5 out of 5

    Dev Pradhan

    How to avoid a climate disaster: The solutions we have and the breakthroughs we need by Bill Gates. This book first indicates to the catastrophe we can see in future if we won't do anything to the greenhouse gases emissions per year. Later, Bill Gates describes why is it so important for us to reach zero emissions per year from 51 billions. The causes of this are so many and some are our daily essentials without which we cannot imagine our life. So, reaching the target is not easy but it can hap How to avoid a climate disaster: The solutions we have and the breakthroughs we need by Bill Gates. This book first indicates to the catastrophe we can see in future if we won't do anything to the greenhouse gases emissions per year. Later, Bill Gates describes why is it so important for us to reach zero emissions per year from 51 billions. The causes of this are so many and some are our daily essentials without which we cannot imagine our life. So, reaching the target is not easy but it can happen. In the following chapters the emissions from different sources like electricity (one of the major causes), vehicles and the solutions are briefly explained. If you're looking for a book about climate change for beginners then this is the one you should read.

  22. 4 out of 5

    Gary Moreau

    In this relatively short and very readable book Gates provides a comprehensive overview of the who, what, why and where of global warming. (Not surprisingly, the issue is very much related to the Gates Foundation’s well-publicized interest in global health and the eradication of poverty.) This is a great primer covering what is causing the problem today and what can be done about it, clearly delineating the technology that currently exists and that which should be pursued through a joint effort o In this relatively short and very readable book Gates provides a comprehensive overview of the who, what, why and where of global warming. (Not surprisingly, the issue is very much related to the Gates Foundation’s well-publicized interest in global health and the eradication of poverty.) This is a great primer covering what is causing the problem today and what can be done about it, clearly delineating the technology that currently exists and that which should be pursued through a joint effort of the citizenry, the government, and industry. He also provides a simple methodology, called Green Premiums, for understanding the relative costs of the current technology that can reduce greenhouse gases. This, in turn, provides a brilliant way to establish priorities and focus our effort and our investment. To his credit, Gates has gone out of his way to look beyond the emotional divisions often associated with the topic. It’s a book about building bridges toward a common goal and steers clear of ideology and politics. “I think more like an engineer than a political scientist, and I don’t have a solution to the politics of climate change.” He also stays clear of the technical-speak that often clouds the issue. This book is written for a mass audience and while there are statistics, he studiously avoids the complicated science that often just serves to cloud the issue and to put constructive discussion out of reach of the general public. My only personal disappointment in the book is that he goes just a little too far in avoiding any discussion of the need for behavioral change. (“We aren’t going to solve the climate problem by telling people not to eat toast.” He advocates the use of heat pumps and electric cars and encourages consumers to step up to more energy efficient purchases but he stays clear of any suggestion that our cultural norms and priorities contribute to the problem in any way. I understand why. One of the most nonsensical criticisms we hear from those who refuse to acknowledge either the reality of climate change or that humankind is contributing to it is that “These people just want us all to be poor.” But there is a big difference between being poor and being just as happy and fulfilled as the richest billionaires are now but getting by with less – and thus contributing less to climate change (and other socio-economic ills that currently plague us). Think of it as cultural simplification. If you are in the top one-third of income earners do you really need half of the stuff you own to live a happy and fulfilling life? I think not. And in the end I believe cultural simplification will be necessary to solve the climate change crisis. Technology alone won’t be enough if we just keep building bigger homes and buying more exotic toys and experiences. Most of us could live in much smaller homes and lead simpler lives and still be just as happy. And I speak from experience. I have lived all along the continuum that is wealth and income and I can assure you that the size of my house or how many toys I owned but seldom used had no bearing on my sense of personal fulfillment. That, however, was not the objective of this book. Gates undoubtedly knew, however he personally feels about the topic, that all else would be lost once he set foot on that path. And, as a result, we have a wonderful primer on the state of the issue and a road map for where we go from here that I believe everyone should be able to buy in to. It’s simple, understandable, and chock full of common sense.

  23. 4 out of 5

    Chris Ferguson

    For further reading, please see "The Great Reset" by Klaus Schwab. For further reading, please see "The Great Reset" by Klaus Schwab.

  24. 5 out of 5

    Dr. Hajar ~ My Top5

    My Top5 thoughts on this book! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pHZ3h... 1. Climate Disaster 2. Realistic Optimism 3. Climate and Tech 4. The Good News 5. The Final Verdict I would like to thank the Publishers, NetGalley, and Bill Gates for sending me a copy of this book. You can check out my book reviews on my blog 💜! My Top5 thoughts on this book! https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pHZ3h... 1. Climate Disaster 2. Realistic Optimism 3. Climate and Tech 4. The Good News 5. The Final Verdict I would like to thank the Publishers, NetGalley, and Bill Gates for sending me a copy of this book. You can check out my book reviews on my blog 💜!

  25. 4 out of 5

    Jakub Dovcik

    It is very easy to dismiss this book upfront as another elitist rant on how we should feel guilty about our consumption or as another idealistic and removed from reality work on the ways in which we can avoid a climate catastrophe. And to large part, Gates acknowledges this at the very start of the book. But that would be a huge mistake. Gates cuts through a lot of noise on both sides of the issue - coming from the world of global development (particularly global health and poverty alleviation wi It is very easy to dismiss this book upfront as another elitist rant on how we should feel guilty about our consumption or as another idealistic and removed from reality work on the ways in which we can avoid a climate catastrophe. And to large part, Gates acknowledges this at the very start of the book. But that would be a huge mistake. Gates cuts through a lot of noise on both sides of the issue - coming from the world of global development (particularly global health and poverty alleviation with the programs by his foundation), he clearly acknowledges the social necessity of progress and growth, especially in less developed regions. He is not naive about sudden radical changes in human behaviour, but rather analyses ways that we can preserve the social and economic order (for the most part) with technological breakthroughs, essentially focused on getting clean energy. It is then no surprise that the vast of his plan at the end of the book focuses on the ways in which innovation can be funded and then scaled up. On the other hand, he is uncompromising in the need for both private and public funding for breakthroughs and improvement in technologies that are carbon neutral. While most of the book is essentially about getting carbon-neutral electricity (mostly from advanced nuclear fission and hydrogen) and then electrifying everything, he gives a large amount of space to issues such as steel and concrete that are hugely underrepresented in the debate about climate change. If anything, his attention to, if not details then important bits frequently hidden, should make everyone read this great book. I went through it in two evenings and it is an enjoyable read - from a readable take on standard technology policy to his little personal anecdotes and jokes. Definitely cannot recommend it enough.

  26. 4 out of 5

    Murtaza

    In this book Bill Gates offers a singles and doubles approach to mitigating climate change rather than a home run, which he centers around the long-term goal of reducing the present annual carbon emissions total of 51 billion tons to zero by 2050. The book is more like a set of fleshed out PowerPoint notes. Much of it will feel like beginner stuff to anyone who has read up on the subject previously. There is a disjuncture between the upbeat tone and the relatively cautious prognostications of ch In this book Bill Gates offers a singles and doubles approach to mitigating climate change rather than a home run, which he centers around the long-term goal of reducing the present annual carbon emissions total of 51 billion tons to zero by 2050. The book is more like a set of fleshed out PowerPoint notes. Much of it will feel like beginner stuff to anyone who has read up on the subject previously. There is a disjuncture between the upbeat tone and the relatively cautious prognostications of change since it seems like in large part humanity is going to be biting the bullet on this one. We are going to need to rely heavily on nuclear power in any realistic race to zero, as well as eat less meat and invent a number of energy-efficient ways of making concrete and other such things. The developing world is not going to stop developing just because we have hit post-industrialization and the virtual age, and that process is going to generate pollution. A lot of the projects that Gates runs down here are ones that he himself is investing in so knows much about. I appreciate that Gates is a rich guy who at least notionally cares about the collective good. And although it might not be as emotionally satisfying to hear that there is One Simple Trick to solving this global crisis, the mitigation measures he runs down here are likely more realistic.

  27. 4 out of 5

    Hill Krishnan

    Value added by an author could be gauged in the way he bring perspectives to an old problem. Here are a few perspectives I gained from Gates: 1. Global warming at this rate could kill same number of people in a year in the world by 2050 as Covid in a year! Multiple times more by 2100. 2. Fossil fuel Gasoline is cheaper than soda pop in America. 3. Solar and wind alternative energies are not just in price differences higher but also in the very high land area requirements per kw/h. 4. Cows farts and Value added by an author could be gauged in the way he bring perspectives to an old problem. Here are a few perspectives I gained from Gates: 1. Global warming at this rate could kill same number of people in a year in the world by 2050 as Covid in a year! Multiple times more by 2100. 2. Fossil fuel Gasoline is cheaper than soda pop in America. 3. Solar and wind alternative energies are not just in price differences higher but also in the very high land area requirements per kw/h. 4. Cows farts and burps create 4% of the world’s global warming and it will increase as countries get richer and consume more animal products. 5. Geoengineering of cloud adjustment to reduce warming could be done in increments of weekly! Too many other wonderful things to write here. Recommend the book.

  28. 4 out of 5

    Marianne

    Bill Gates is accused of hypocrisy after joining bidding war to buy the world's largest private jet operator - one month before he releases his book preaching about climate change. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/arti... Bill Gates is accused of hypocrisy after joining bidding war to buy the world's largest private jet operator - one month before he releases his book preaching about climate change. https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/arti...

  29. 5 out of 5

    Martin Empson

    Crap. "Bill Gates' book personifies the interests of capital, and thus its only real use to the reader is to expose the system as a whole." Full review > http://resolutereader.blogspot.com/20... Crap. "Bill Gates' book personifies the interests of capital, and thus its only real use to the reader is to expose the system as a whole." Full review > http://resolutereader.blogspot.com/20...

  30. 5 out of 5

    Nicola

    How to Avoid a Climate Disaster. This book covers one of the single most important topics facing the earth as a whole, written by Bill Gates and enforces such an important message. Fossils fuels - they’re so entrenched into our everyday lives, the way we live and how we produce everything we’re so accustomed to having. How we can reverse the damage, adapt to change and forge a new way is steeped in difficultly, which is where this great book comes in. Presenting forth the change and information How to Avoid a Climate Disaster. This book covers one of the single most important topics facing the earth as a whole, written by Bill Gates and enforces such an important message. Fossils fuels - they’re so entrenched into our everyday lives, the way we live and how we produce everything we’re so accustomed to having. How we can reverse the damage, adapt to change and forge a new way is steeped in difficultly, which is where this great book comes in. Presenting forth the change and information needed to tackle the problems ahead. Includes: Why getting to 0 is so important, it covers the ground foundations of climate change, laying down the facts, the science, the projected future, what can be done and what the components of our carbon emissions are (eg agriculture, industrial processes etc..). I love how this was split into succinct chapters and sub chapters, making the information easier to digest. At the end, the book also includes what you can do, as an individual to make a difference. It’s extensive, expansive and so informative and I loved how it was written. Very accessible for any reader, whether it’s your first time reading anything on climate change or whether you’re a seasoned climate change expert. There is a lot of information in here, and of course, it can get overwhelming as there is just so much on this topic to cover! I would probably give it an extra star the second time round of reading, to further absorb the facts and information given and also think reading it as well as listening to the audiobook would be beneficial. Although there is a handy PDF accompaniment to the audiobook to ensure you don’t miss out on any of the diagrams, pictures and graphs which is fab. I have to admit, I did lose my way a couple of time’s as this is definitely not a book you can afford to breeze in and out of concentration to, but it didn’t take long to snap back into it if you had a small waver in consciousness for a bit (guilty!). It’s one of those books that you want to sit with and write notes too, as there’s so many useful nuggets of knowledge and information This audiobook was great too, fantastically narrated and very easy to listen to which isn’t always the case with non fiction books. I learnt a lot and didn’t know nearly as much as I thought I did, which was both humbling and brilliant as it just goes to show there’s just so much more to it that each of us can endeavour to learn. Hearing about the steps Bill Gates was taking to lower carbon emissions and work towards getting us towards the magic 0 was brilliant and it just fills you with a small glimmer of hope when someone so financially endowed and highly influential is on the side of protecting the world and addressing the hugely problematic issue of climate change. It isn’t all doom and gloom, misery and ‘were all done for’, it’s underlined with hope and potential, turns for change and how we can work to undo the damage to the climate. I also loved the inclusion of the pandemic and Covid-19 with several references to it mentioned throughout. It was such a here and now and highly relevant book, important for all and everyone to read. I listened to this book via NetGalley with thanks to the author and publishers to give an honest review.

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