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Blades of Freedom: A Tale of Haiti, Napoleon, and the Louisiana Purchase

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The 10th installment in Nathan Hale’s Hazardous Tales series tells the story of the Haitian Revolution and the Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase (1803) is today seen as one of history’s greatest bargains. But why did Napoleon Bonaparte sell this seemingly prosperous territory? At the time, France controlled Haiti, and there, slaves were used to harvest sugar. But in The 10th installment in Nathan Hale’s Hazardous Tales series tells the story of the Haitian Revolution and the Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase (1803) is today seen as one of history’s greatest bargains. But why did Napoleon Bonaparte sell this seemingly prosperous territory? At the time, France controlled Haiti, and there, slaves were used to harvest sugar. But in 1791, Toussaint Louverture led the largest slave uprising in human history, the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804). Napoleon had originally wanted to use Louisiana for trade, but with Haiti out of his control, Napoleon’s dream of making a French empire in North America seemed doomed. So when Thomas Jefferson and James Madison tried to buy New Orleans, Napoleon sold them the whole Louisiana Territory.


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The 10th installment in Nathan Hale’s Hazardous Tales series tells the story of the Haitian Revolution and the Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase (1803) is today seen as one of history’s greatest bargains. But why did Napoleon Bonaparte sell this seemingly prosperous territory? At the time, France controlled Haiti, and there, slaves were used to harvest sugar. But in The 10th installment in Nathan Hale’s Hazardous Tales series tells the story of the Haitian Revolution and the Louisiana Purchase The Louisiana Purchase (1803) is today seen as one of history’s greatest bargains. But why did Napoleon Bonaparte sell this seemingly prosperous territory? At the time, France controlled Haiti, and there, slaves were used to harvest sugar. But in 1791, Toussaint Louverture led the largest slave uprising in human history, the Haitian Revolution (1791–1804). Napoleon had originally wanted to use Louisiana for trade, but with Haiti out of his control, Napoleon’s dream of making a French empire in North America seemed doomed. So when Thomas Jefferson and James Madison tried to buy New Orleans, Napoleon sold them the whole Louisiana Territory.

30 review for Blades of Freedom: A Tale of Haiti, Napoleon, and the Louisiana Purchase

  1. 4 out of 5

    human [on hiatus]

    Honestly speaking, this was probably the best Hazardous Tale so far. Although the storytelling at first seems awkward and somewhat disjointed, it starts to click over the course of the book. There's a lot of information packed into this book, much of it quite serious and solemn, portrayed in a fun but not an overwhelming way, broken up with bouts of humor. Overall, this book was detailed and interesting, and enjoyable as always. Honestly speaking, this was probably the best Hazardous Tale so far. Although the storytelling at first seems awkward and somewhat disjointed, it starts to click over the course of the book. There's a lot of information packed into this book, much of it quite serious and solemn, portrayed in a fun but not an overwhelming way, broken up with bouts of humor. Overall, this book was detailed and interesting, and enjoyable as always.

  2. 4 out of 5

    Rod Brown

    Nathan Hale wows once again with a fascinating and humorous history of the complex events that led to the Louisiana Purchase. But this major piece of American history is really the story of the Haitian Revolution, the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte, and even the pesky mosquito. Despite the global scale, Hale cuts it up into small bits and peppers it with giant personalities -- like those of Francois Mackandal, Toussaint L'Ouverture, and Pauline Bonaparte -- to keep the reader engaged. I wa Nathan Hale wows once again with a fascinating and humorous history of the complex events that led to the Louisiana Purchase. But this major piece of American history is really the story of the Haitian Revolution, the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte, and even the pesky mosquito. Despite the global scale, Hale cuts it up into small bits and peppers it with giant personalities -- like those of Francois Mackandal, Toussaint L'Ouverture, and Pauline Bonaparte -- to keep the reader engaged. I was excited to turn the page throughout. This is one of my favorite graphic novel series of all time, and I highly recommend all the volumes, this one in particular.

  3. 5 out of 5

    Ed Erwin

    The bloody, bloody tale of the Haitian revolution. While this series is aimed at younger readers, even us old folks can enjoy and learn from it. The violence is not toned down for kids, so parents be warned. I learned a lot (though I'll forget most of it later). The bloody, bloody tale of the Haitian revolution. While this series is aimed at younger readers, even us old folks can enjoy and learn from it. The violence is not toned down for kids, so parents be warned. I learned a lot (though I'll forget most of it later).

  4. 5 out of 5

    Darla

    Five Louisiana Purchase Wheel of History stars for this latest Hazardous Tale. Once again, a quite complicated topic has been distilled down into an articulate summary with room for some humor to boot. I must confess I had not connected all those dots between the liberation of Haiti, Napoleon, LaSalle, and Jefferson. The history of the mosquito (Aedes Aegypti) revealed in this volume was not fully known to me either. And how about that little sister of Napoleon? She was pretty wacky. You can't m Five Louisiana Purchase Wheel of History stars for this latest Hazardous Tale. Once again, a quite complicated topic has been distilled down into an articulate summary with room for some humor to boot. I must confess I had not connected all those dots between the liberation of Haiti, Napoleon, LaSalle, and Jefferson. The history of the mosquito (Aedes Aegypti) revealed in this volume was not fully known to me either. And how about that little sister of Napoleon? She was pretty wacky. You can't make this stuff up! One of my favorite chapters in this episode was when the hangman got to imagine Sonthonax and Polverel as cats. This series is highly recommended and this tenth in the series is one of my favorites.

  5. 5 out of 5

    Kirsten

    Nathan Hale is some kind of graphic novel guru. It’s hard to imagine telling the complicated and brutal story of the Louisiana Purchase and the Haitian Revolution (with all of its yellow fever outbreaks, beheadings, poisoning, blood drinking, gut stabbing and arm removal) in a graphic novel format that brings history to life for middle school readers. Hale has done it over and over with many of American history’s most notable and notorious people. I am in awe. This man is amazing. Oh, and you’ll Nathan Hale is some kind of graphic novel guru. It’s hard to imagine telling the complicated and brutal story of the Louisiana Purchase and the Haitian Revolution (with all of its yellow fever outbreaks, beheadings, poisoning, blood drinking, gut stabbing and arm removal) in a graphic novel format that brings history to life for middle school readers. Hale has done it over and over with many of American history’s most notable and notorious people. I am in awe. This man is amazing. Oh, and you’ll laugh, too. Don’t ask me how he manages that. I just don’t know.

  6. 5 out of 5

    Dustin

    What a story to read with my 11 year old... Funny, violent, nicely drawn. Great book for young readers interested in history.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Dan Blackley

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. This is the 10th in the series and it keeps getting better!! This time, Nathan Hale's tale, is about the Louisiana Purchase and the events that led up to America buying this from France. I knew about the purchase, but didn't know that Haiti had the biggest slave uprising and revolution that prompted Napoleon to get rid of the entire area to America. There are many twists and turns in this tale which does get a little confusing at times, but the idea that this historic tale isn't taught in the cl This is the 10th in the series and it keeps getting better!! This time, Nathan Hale's tale, is about the Louisiana Purchase and the events that led up to America buying this from France. I knew about the purchase, but didn't know that Haiti had the biggest slave uprising and revolution that prompted Napoleon to get rid of the entire area to America. There are many twists and turns in this tale which does get a little confusing at times, but the idea that this historic tale isn't taught in the classroom is a crime. I love these books. Besides the fact that they are interesting to read about real people and events, the Author picks very interesting times in history. In this book, he hinted at another book about Lafayette which was one of my favorite ones! I wish he would write them faster but they are worth the wait!! His next book is about a war correspondent in the Korean War called Cold War correspondent.

  8. 5 out of 5

    Myersandburnsie

    My least favorite in the series. Lots of gory cartoons. The story is fascinating and I did learn a lot.

  9. 5 out of 5

    Jennifer

    It all starts with two men and an island. When Napoleon wasn’t in the bathtub, he was on the battlefield in France, while the enslaved people of Saint-Domingue (Haiti) were organizing under the leadership of Toussaint L’Ouverture. When these two men butt heads, Toussaint L’Ouverture presciently responds, “‘In overthrowing me, you have cut down...only the trunk of the tree of liberty. It will spring up again by the roots for they are numerous and deep’...The Haitian Revolution began in 1791. The It all starts with two men and an island. When Napoleon wasn’t in the bathtub, he was on the battlefield in France, while the enslaved people of Saint-Domingue (Haiti) were organizing under the leadership of Toussaint L’Ouverture. When these two men butt heads, Toussaint L’Ouverture presciently responds, “‘In overthrowing me, you have cut down...only the trunk of the tree of liberty. It will spring up again by the roots for they are numerous and deep’...The Haitian Revolution began in 1791. The enslaved people of Saint-Domingue shattered their chains and launched the largest and most successful slave uprising in human history,” making Haiti the first country in the Americas to end slavery. “The spirit of liberty speaks in the hearts of all of us.” Blades of Freedom was my introduction to Nathan Hale’s Hazardous Tales. As an educator and bibliophile, I was delighted to discover the Hazardous Tales. While traditional classroom textbooks feature WASPS (White Anglo-Saxon Protestants) that put students to sleep, Nathan Hale’s creative and comical graphic novels introduce voodoo mosquitoes (and a diverse cast of male and female characters of various religious traditions) that breathe American history to life! My favorites were Luisa and Paulina. I loved Queen Luisa of Spain and her threesome--husband King Charles IV and lover Manuel Godoy) and her daughter Luisetta to whom she intended to dedicate her new kingdom of Etruria. I was equally intrigued by Paulina Bonaparte whose husband attempted to achieve peace on Saint-Domingue. When Napoleon reintroduced slavery and her husband promptly died from the yellow fever of a “voodoo” mosquito, Paulina shaved her head and carried his heart in an urn. Paulina later became a princess by remarriage, engaged in myriad scandalous affairs, and posed for a nearly nude selfie-sculpture! “Come for the booby traps, stay for the blood drinking! And leave before the butt!”

  10. 4 out of 5

    Sunday

    Wow. Super fun to read but I finished feeling like we need to be cautious when we recommend these to readers. While Hale unpacks history in an entertaining way, his text is still complex. A lot of students may LOVE these books but the complexity makes me wonder how superficial their comprehension of these texts might be. And how do we confer in a way that helps them deepen their understanding of the text? If a student does pick up this book, I'd lean in to confer and notice how they are making se Wow. Super fun to read but I finished feeling like we need to be cautious when we recommend these to readers. While Hale unpacks history in an entertaining way, his text is still complex. A lot of students may LOVE these books but the complexity makes me wonder how superficial their comprehension of these texts might be. And how do we confer in a way that helps them deepen their understanding of the text? If a student does pick up this book, I'd lean in to confer and notice how they are making sense of the features Hale employees. A few questions to consider: *Has the student noticed the difference between Hale's speech bubbles in blue and white? That the speech bubbles in blue are the four men narrating, discussing the story/what happened? That the blue boxes are additional details about the story as it's being told? And that the white speech bubbles are the people actually in the story (being to? *How is the student doing as far as navigating the timeline of the story (because Hale is telling different parts of the story that occur in the past and future and that all come together at some point)? *How does Hale differentiate between fact and fiction? How does Hale take liberties with the facts? How does Hale let the reader know what's not known for sure? (BTW. There's so much more to confer around. How do the illustrations support and expand the written text? Where's the tension? How does Hale unpack the complexity of what happened in Haiti? Etc Etc Etc.) The complexity IS NOT A DEALBREAKER. This book was a blast to read and I ordered two more in the series. I'm just saying we need to be mindful of the complexity and plan to support readers as needed. I'd book talk, projecting the first few pages in some way for all students to view and reading aloud with the emotion of the characters as they start this fantastic story.

  11. 5 out of 5

    Rebecca

     Normally if I find myself in a book funk I will read a middle grade book or a graphic novel. Today I chose to read a book that is both! (I didn't actually realize it was a graphic novel until I opened it up. 😅)   The official release day for Blades of Freedom was just yesterday! (11/24/2020) This is actually the tenth book of Nathan Hale's Hazardous Tales, but it is the first one I am reading. They can be read as stand alones so it is no big deal.     I found it interesting and insightful. I even  Normally if I find myself in a book funk I will read a middle grade book or a graphic novel. Today I chose to read a book that is both! (I didn't actually realize it was a graphic novel until I opened it up. 😅)   The official release day for Blades of Freedom was just yesterday! (11/24/2020) This is actually the tenth book of Nathan Hale's Hazardous Tales, but it is the first one I am reading. They can be read as stand alones so it is no big deal.     I found it interesting and insightful. I even learned some things I didn't previously know. (Like how sugar is made) These are supposed to be comedic little snippets of our history here in America. A great deal of this story doesn't take place here though.     It is supposed to be middle grade, but I do not think my kiddo is quite ready for it. There were some pretty heavy topics and adult humor throughout. Just not sure we are quite there yet.    I thought the illustrations were great. I also think I would be interested in reading more from this series. It is definitely something you have to be in the mood for though. Part of it was actually a bit depressing, but I guess History can be that way. The author really managed to lighten this up in ways I did not expect.    I am not sure I can accurately give this a star rating because it is our history? The presentation of it was great though.    I should also note that I did not buy this book, it was given to me by the publisher. (Thank you Amulet Books) My review is still 100% my own and just honest opinions. 

  12. 5 out of 5

    Miranda

    I love these books so much. I'm an adult, but I still learn a lot from them. The author's approach to history is wonderful: it's all well-researched and true, but told in a fun, entertaining way by the narrator (Nathan Hale, staving off his execution Scherezade-style) and his sidekicks: the executioner, a total goofball who loves animals; and a British officer who's stuffy but loves the tales as much as we do. Billy, the young Black man who tied the noose for Hale's actual hanging, has joined as I love these books so much. I'm an adult, but I still learn a lot from them. The author's approach to history is wonderful: it's all well-researched and true, but told in a fun, entertaining way by the narrator (Nathan Hale, staving off his execution Scherezade-style) and his sidekicks: the executioner, a total goofball who loves animals; and a British officer who's stuffy but loves the tales as much as we do. Billy, the young Black man who tied the noose for Hale's actual hanging, has joined as a character; he's more straightforward than the other two but still cute). These are a great way for adults to fill in the gaps of their American history education (or to find out what actually happened to the Donner party). They'd also be excellent for kids who prefer non-fiction books. Recommended for all ages!

  13. 5 out of 5

    Mary S

    Terrific series for making complex history understandable. Great for middle and high school and adults too. Maybe others know the significance of the Haitian Revolution to the Louisiana Purchase and even as an argument to maintain the practice of slavery in the South, but I didn’t. The volume on WWI was great, too.

  14. 5 out of 5

    David

    excellent editor into a journey of history unbound. Rod Brown (reviewer) described it this way: "Nathan Hale's major piece of American history is really the story of the Haitian Revolution, the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte, and even the pesky mosquito." I couldn't have said it better myself and don't want to give more away so read and enjoy. excellent editor into a journey of history unbound. Rod Brown (reviewer) described it this way: "Nathan Hale's major piece of American history is really the story of the Haitian Revolution, the French Revolution, Napoleon Bonaparte, and even the pesky mosquito." I couldn't have said it better myself and don't want to give more away so read and enjoy.

  15. 5 out of 5

    April Brookhart

    Somehow, I found myself reading a graphic novel that I believe is aimed for kids around the middle school age (?) which is totally not my genre of choice but.... I really enjoyed it! I’ve always had more of a mind for science and I don’t know much about history so this book was a welcome switch-up.

  16. 5 out of 5

    Erin

    He packs SO much detail and context into these, it’s pretty amazing.

  17. 5 out of 5

    Mary Thomas

    Good like I knew it would be! What a complicated history. Definitely curious to learn more, and amazed at how thoroughly researched it was. I will never get sick of this series.

  18. 4 out of 5

    Steve Scordino

    Nathan Hale did a great job taking on the huge subject of WWI and making it simple, in this he went the other way. I'm curious how much of his target audience will fully understand the connection he draws between the slave revolution in Haiti and the Louisiana Purchase. Nathan Hale did a great job taking on the huge subject of WWI and making it simple, in this he went the other way. I'm curious how much of his target audience will fully understand the connection he draws between the slave revolution in Haiti and the Louisiana Purchase.

  19. 5 out of 5

    Melissa Orth

    The most ambitious NHHT yet covers such disparate yet connected historical events: the revolution in Haiti, Napoleon Bonaparte and his sister, Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase, complete with betrayals, treachery, and a brief description of the sugar manufacturing process with a preface about LaSalle and the Mississippi River. There is SO much to cover, even Hale admits this was a tough topic but he did well to distill the most famous successful enslaved people uprising in history and tie it The most ambitious NHHT yet covers such disparate yet connected historical events: the revolution in Haiti, Napoleon Bonaparte and his sister, Jefferson and the Louisiana Purchase, complete with betrayals, treachery, and a brief description of the sugar manufacturing process with a preface about LaSalle and the Mississippi River. There is SO much to cover, even Hale admits this was a tough topic but he did well to distill the most famous successful enslaved people uprising in history and tie it in to the events of the day and all with a point of representing the viewpoints of the marginalized participants. Side note: I greatly appreciated the final page regarding primary sources and the importance of research. He packs so much into a graphic novel for middle graders yet makes it all comprehensible and accessible. “It’s fun to learn” could be a tag line of the series.

  20. 5 out of 5

    Machaia

    I knew about some of the surrounding history, but this was a piece of history I knew very little about and it was absolutely fascinating. My hat is off to Nathan Hale for bringing such a complex story with so many characters and moving parts to life in such a rich and moving way.

  21. 5 out of 5

    Meredith

    Wow! This was a great, kid-friendly introduction to the Haitian Revolution and the Louisiana Purchase (and Napoleon). These events really should be discussed and learned in tandem to get a deeper understanding of the hows and whys. I appreciate that Hale does not shy away from the grim and gruesome of slavery and war, but does so in a way that encourages thought and understanding. I like that there are multiple narrators that question the hows and whys of the events/and historical figures, and h Wow! This was a great, kid-friendly introduction to the Haitian Revolution and the Louisiana Purchase (and Napoleon). These events really should be discussed and learned in tandem to get a deeper understanding of the hows and whys. I appreciate that Hale does not shy away from the grim and gruesome of slavery and war, but does so in a way that encourages thought and understanding. I like that there are multiple narrators that question the hows and whys of the events/and historical figures, and help the reader to develop their own questions about these people and events. I appreciate that Hale touches on the Indigenous and African belief systems that were synchretized with Christianity and includes visuals that middle grade readers can grasp and use as a jumping point for further research and study. Make sure to read to the very end for a nod to the challenges of 2020, and inspiration to study French to learn more about the Haitian Revolution (as all of the primary sources are in French). Well done, Hale.

  22. 5 out of 5

    Ellie

    Love reading and seeing history through Nathan Hale’s work. Great book for higher middle readers who are curious about history.

  23. 5 out of 5

    Lauren Marshall

    Really interesting history of the Haitian Revolution, which I knew almost nothing about before reading this. Loved learning about the way the slave trade, the French Revolution, Napoleon, the Louisiana Purchase, and mosquitoes all tied in together. Our whole family hase been enjoying this series (Nathan Hale's Hazardous Tales) since my 10 year old discovered it last year! Really interesting history of the Haitian Revolution, which I knew almost nothing about before reading this. Loved learning about the way the slave trade, the French Revolution, Napoleon, the Louisiana Purchase, and mosquitoes all tied in together. Our whole family hase been enjoying this series (Nathan Hale's Hazardous Tales) since my 10 year old discovered it last year!

  24. 4 out of 5

    Jd

    young adult/history/graphic novel—well done!

  25. 4 out of 5

    Eric

    One of the best in the series so far

  26. 4 out of 5

    Jonah Garner

    Gets good after the "Mosquito" bit. You have to read the book to understand. Gets good after the "Mosquito" bit. You have to read the book to understand.

  27. 5 out of 5

    Becky B

    Nathan Hale regales his executioners with another tale from history. This time he's telling them about the Haitian revolution, bits of the French Revolution, mosquitoes, and what all of them had to do with the US making the deal for the Louisiana Purchase. The modern Nathan Hale (and creator of this book) was super creative in the way he presented this very complex and convoluted bit of history. He used a random character/item generator to help allow him to naturally move back and forth between v Nathan Hale regales his executioners with another tale from history. This time he's telling them about the Haitian revolution, bits of the French Revolution, mosquitoes, and what all of them had to do with the US making the deal for the Louisiana Purchase. The modern Nathan Hale (and creator of this book) was super creative in the way he presented this very complex and convoluted bit of history. He used a random character/item generator to help allow him to naturally move back and forth between various locations, events, people, and help it all come together pretty seamlessly. I learned a ton about the Haitian slave revolt(s) that developed into their revolution and how that impacted Napoleon and pushed him to sell that huge chunk of country to Jefferson at a steal. Hale does an amazing job of presenting factual bits of history in very entertaining ways. This would be great to incorporate in Secondary school lessons on the French Revolution, slavery, or the Louisiana Purchase. It's a really good reminder that history never happens in a vacuum, and events in a totally different country have ramifications across the globe. Highly recommended for teens who can handle it (not recommended for younger than teenage due to the content, see below). Notes on content: No language issues. No sex scenes. It is mentioned that the Queen of Spain and Napoleon's sister openly had boyfriends even though they were married. There is also a butt shot of Napoleon standing up from a bath with people in the room, and they are suitably horrified. More gross than provocative but also easily covered with a little black marker or solid tape. There's a fair bit of violence in this one between the French Revolution bits and the Haitian revolution battles. The colors are all shades of gray or green so it makes the blood less gory. But there are several deaths on page including beheadings (presented more cartoonish-style than realistic). Disturbing physical mistreatment of slaves to the point of death and losing limbs in the sugar cane processing is also depicted (again in cartoon-ish styled violence, but still disturbing).

  28. 5 out of 5

    Mary Thomas

    I'm not sure what to think about this one. I've read the whole series so far and love how the author brings history alive. This one, like others have mentioned, was more gruesome than normal (even more than, say, Donner Dinner Party). I understand why he needed to jump around a lot, but man, was it hard to follow! It kind of reminded me of Raid of No Return with all the different planes that were hard to keep track of. The subject matter is very complex, though, so I appreciate how he tried to m I'm not sure what to think about this one. I've read the whole series so far and love how the author brings history alive. This one, like others have mentioned, was more gruesome than normal (even more than, say, Donner Dinner Party). I understand why he needed to jump around a lot, but man, was it hard to follow! It kind of reminded me of Raid of No Return with all the different planes that were hard to keep track of. The subject matter is very complex, though, so I appreciate how he tried to make it understandable. Still, at the end, with the epilogue of sorts, I couldn't remember like half of the characters. I did really enjoy learning about the Haitian revolution and how we snagged the Louisiana territory from the French.

  29. 5 out of 5

    BDC

    I have a love hate relationship with this series. I don’t like the gore and intensity of these books. As a father I don’t want to perpetuate the idolizing of war and aggression. However what I appreciate about this particular book is the even handed telling of history where there is no quintessential ‘good guy.’ I appreciate that the white Europeans are shown as the enemies of the story, the Americans are not always upstanding, and that the Haitians were forced into the bloody rebellion by the h I have a love hate relationship with this series. I don’t like the gore and intensity of these books. As a father I don’t want to perpetuate the idolizing of war and aggression. However what I appreciate about this particular book is the even handed telling of history where there is no quintessential ‘good guy.’ I appreciate that the white Europeans are shown as the enemies of the story, the Americans are not always upstanding, and that the Haitians were forced into the bloody rebellion by the horrors of slavery and that their desire to get rid of all white people was understandable. History is messy and my children are fascinated by it because of these books. Thus my love hate of this series.

  30. 4 out of 5

    Lara

    This one is definitely another favorite of mine in the series! Hale's is simultaneously a much broader and much narrower focus on historical events than I ever got in school. I love the way he can hone in on the small details that are really interesting while still connecting events within the context of what's happening elsewhere and when in a way that makes sense of the whole. And he does such a great job of bring historical figures to life! And also of pointing out multiple perspectives. Anywa This one is definitely another favorite of mine in the series! Hale's is simultaneously a much broader and much narrower focus on historical events than I ever got in school. I love the way he can hone in on the small details that are really interesting while still connecting events within the context of what's happening elsewhere and when in a way that makes sense of the whole. And he does such a great job of bring historical figures to life! And also of pointing out multiple perspectives. Anyway, this one involves The Haitian Revolution, the Louisiana Purchase, Napoleon Bonaparte, yellow fever, stabbings, lots of beheadings, mosquitos, a heart in a jar...and some cats!

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