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Al Biruni, one of the greatest Arab scholars, was born on September 4, 973, in what is now Uzbekistan. He showed talent at an early age and by his early 20's had written several acclaimed papers. Political unrest in his 20's and 30's found him at one point at Gurgan, on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Peace found him in Ghaznah, which is today in Afghanistan. From 1017 to 1 Al Biruni, one of the greatest Arab scholars, was born on September 4, 973, in what is now Uzbekistan. He showed talent at an early age and by his early 20's had written several acclaimed papers. Political unrest in his 20's and 30's found him at one point at Gurgan, on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Peace found him in Ghaznah, which is today in Afghanistan. From 1017 to 1030 he travelled extensively in India, becoming fluent in Sanskrit. From this he wrote his monumental survey, India, of the history, customs and beliefs of the subcontinent. His other books include The Chronology of Ancient Nations, the Masudic Cannon, Book of Instructions, and more than 100 others, some of which are lost. He died on December 13, 1048, aged 75. He is buried in Ghaznah. The Book of Instruction in the Elements of the Art of Astrology was written for Lady Rayhanah, to whom it is dedicated. R. Ramsay Wright, the translator, said it could be regarded as a primer of 11th century science. Among its highlights are a comprehensive list of more than 150 Lots, various forms of aspects and planetary relationships, planetary positions relative to the sun, an excellent text on rulerships as well as comprehensive notes on weather and meteorological phenomena. This book was unknown to medieval European astrologers. This edition, comprising the astrological part of the original (sections 347-530) has been taken from Wright's pioneering 1934 translation, itself taken from Persian and Arabic sources. For this edition, text and tables have been reset, and a new index added.


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Al Biruni, one of the greatest Arab scholars, was born on September 4, 973, in what is now Uzbekistan. He showed talent at an early age and by his early 20's had written several acclaimed papers. Political unrest in his 20's and 30's found him at one point at Gurgan, on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Peace found him in Ghaznah, which is today in Afghanistan. From 1017 to 1 Al Biruni, one of the greatest Arab scholars, was born on September 4, 973, in what is now Uzbekistan. He showed talent at an early age and by his early 20's had written several acclaimed papers. Political unrest in his 20's and 30's found him at one point at Gurgan, on the shores of the Caspian Sea. Peace found him in Ghaznah, which is today in Afghanistan. From 1017 to 1030 he travelled extensively in India, becoming fluent in Sanskrit. From this he wrote his monumental survey, India, of the history, customs and beliefs of the subcontinent. His other books include The Chronology of Ancient Nations, the Masudic Cannon, Book of Instructions, and more than 100 others, some of which are lost. He died on December 13, 1048, aged 75. He is buried in Ghaznah. The Book of Instruction in the Elements of the Art of Astrology was written for Lady Rayhanah, to whom it is dedicated. R. Ramsay Wright, the translator, said it could be regarded as a primer of 11th century science. Among its highlights are a comprehensive list of more than 150 Lots, various forms of aspects and planetary relationships, planetary positions relative to the sun, an excellent text on rulerships as well as comprehensive notes on weather and meteorological phenomena. This book was unknown to medieval European astrologers. This edition, comprising the astrological part of the original (sections 347-530) has been taken from Wright's pioneering 1934 translation, itself taken from Persian and Arabic sources. For this edition, text and tables have been reset, and a new index added.

51 review for Book of Instructions in the Elements of the Art of Astrology

  1. 5 out of 5

    Ahmad Sharabiani

    The Book of Instruction in the Elements of the Art of Astrology, Al Biruni Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (Persian: Abū Rayḥān Bērōnī; also Abū Rayḥān Bīrūnī) (4 September 973 – 9 December 1048), known as Al-Biruni in English, was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistan, and northern Turkmenistan. Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, a The Book of Instruction in the Elements of the Art of Astrology, Al Biruni Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Al-Bīrūnī (Persian: Abū Rayḥān Bērōnī; also Abū Rayḥān Bīrūnī) (4 September 973 – 9 December 1048), known as Al-Biruni in English, was an Iranian scholar and polymath from Khwarezm — a region which encompasses modern-day western Uzbekistan, and northern Turkmenistan. Al-Biruni is regarded as one of the greatest scholars of the medieval Islamic era and was well versed in physics, mathematics, astronomy, and natural sciences, and also distinguished himself as a historian, chronologist and linguist. He studied almost all fields of science and was compensated for his research and strenuous work. Royalty and powerful members of society sought out Al-Biruni to conduct research and study to uncover certain findings. He lived during the Islamic Golden Age, in which scholarly thought went hand in hand with the thinking and methodology of the Islamic religion. In addition to this type of influence, Al-Biruni was also influenced by other nations, such as the Greek, who he took inspiration from when he turned to studies of philosophy. He was conversant in Khwarezmian, Persian, Arabic, Sanskrit, and also knew Greek, Hebrew and Syriac. He spent a large part of his life in Ghazni in modern-day Afghanistan, capital of the Ghaznavid dynasty, which was based in what is now central-eastern Afghanistan. In 1017 he traveled to South Asia and authored a study of Indian culture (Tahqiq ma li-l-hind...) after exploring the Hinduism practised in India. He was given the title "founder of Indology". He was an impartial writer on customs and creeds of various nations, and was given the title al-Ustadh ("The Master") for his remarkable description of early 11th-century India. He also made contributions to Earth sciences, and is regarded as the "father of geodesy" for his important contributions to that field, along with his significant contributions to geography. تاریخ نخستین خوانش: پنجم ماه آوریل سال 1974 میلادی عنوان: «التَّفهیم (التَّفهیم لِأَوائلِ صناعة التَّنجیم)»؛ نویسنده: «ابوریحان بیرونی»؛ به تصحیح: «جلال‌الدین همایی»؛ کتابی به زبان فارسی، که ابوریحان بیرونی در آغاز سده پنجم نوشته، و هفتاد سال پس از درگذشت ایشان، «محمد بن جورابی» آن را آماده و پاکنویس کرده‌ است. التفهیم، نخستین کتاب فارسی است که در مورد ستاره‌ شناسی و هندسه و حساب نوشته شده، و از آنجا که نویسنده‌ ی آن یکی از دانشوران سرشناس است، اهمیت بسیار دارد. همراه با 135 صفحه شرح حال «ابوریحان بیرونی» به قلم استاد جلال الدین همایی، انتشارات انجمن آثار ملّی؛ سال 1351 هجرت شمسی. کتاب التفهیم برای مدت چند قرن متن کتاب درسی برای تعلیم ریاضیات و نجوم بوده‌ است. ا. شربیانی

  2. 5 out of 5

    Nazila

    این اثر تنها کتاب فارسی موجود از ابوریحان بیرونی است و متن عربی آن نیز موجود است. اینکه متن فارسی، ترجمهٔ متن عربی است یا بعکس، دقیقاً مشخص نیست. به نظر محمد قزوینی خود بیرونی هر دو متن را تألیف کرده‌است. به نظر آقابزرگ تهرانی، بیرونی متن فارسی را در سال ۴۲۰ قمری و متن عربی را یک سال بعد نوشته است، اما به نظر جلال همائی متن عربی بر فارسی مقدّم بوده و خود بیرونی آن را به فارسی ترجمه کرده‌است. بیرونی کتاب التفهیم را در غزنه و به هنگام پادشاهی محمود غزنوی نوشته اشت اما بر عکس چندین کتاب مشهور خود به ه این اثر تنها کتاب فارسی موجود از ابوریحان بیرونی است و متن عربی آن نیز موجود است. اینکه متن فارسی، ترجمهٔ متن عربی است یا بعکس، دقیقاً مشخص نیست. به نظر محمد قزوینی خود بیرونی هر دو متن را تألیف کرده‌است. به نظر آقابزرگ تهرانی، بیرونی متن فارسی را در سال ۴۲۰ قمری و متن عربی را یک سال بعد نوشته است، اما به نظر جلال همائی متن عربی بر فارسی مقدّم بوده و خود بیرونی آن را به فارسی ترجمه کرده‌است. بیرونی کتاب التفهیم را در غزنه و به هنگام پادشاهی محمود غزنوی نوشته اشت اما بر عکس چندین کتاب مشهور خود به هیچ یک از پادشاهان غزنوی اهدا نکرده‌

  3. 4 out of 5

    Nox Prognatus

    This is a scholarly text written by Al Biruni. For those not familiar with the basics of traditional Astrology. That is the ancient discipline, not the contemporary fluffy version, this is an advanced text, and some basics are recommended before reading. That said, it goes into some detail around all aspects and draws on Hindu, Persian, Babylonian and Egyptian renditions of the same discipline. This is a must text for the serious student.

  4. 5 out of 5

    Sina

    تنها کتابی است که خود ابوریحان به فارسی نوشته. 3 فصل اول درباره هندسه و حساب و نجوم و جغرافی است. تاثیرپذیری نویسنده از نجوم و ریاضی هندی به وضوح مشخص است. این کتاب در واقع خلاصه ای مختصر مفید از نجوم ، ریاضی و احکام نجوم آن زمان است.فصل پنجم در مورد احکام نجوم است که در آن هم تاثیر علوم هندی دیده می شود. جلال الدین همایی آن را در 2 نوبت تصحیح کرده. چاپ انتشارات آثار ملی که دیگه عمراً گیر نمیاد. چاپ انتشارات بابک که به نظر من از انتشارات آثار ملی بهتر است هنوز هم پیدا میشه. چند وقت پیش یک انتشار تنها کتابی است که خود ابوریحان به فارسی نوشته. 3 فصل اول درباره هندسه و حساب و نجوم و جغرافی است. تاثیرپذیری نویسنده از نجوم و ریاضی هندی به وضوح مشخص است. این کتاب در واقع خلاصه ای مختصر مفید از نجوم ، ریاضی و احکام نجوم آن زمان است.فصل پنجم در مورد احکام نجوم است که در آن هم تاثیر علوم هندی دیده می شود. جلال الدین همایی آن را در 2 نوبت تصحیح کرده. چاپ انتشارات آثار ملی که دیگه عمراً گیر نمیاد. چاپ انتشارات بابک که به نظر من از انتشارات آثار ملی بهتر است هنوز هم پیدا میشه. چند وقت پیش یک انتشاراتی به نام موسسه نشر هما این کتاب را در چند نوبت چاپ کرد با جلد زرشکی. کیفیت چاپ این کتاب همواره افتضاح بوده اساساً قدیمی ترین منبع دستور محاسبه سهم های مختلف در حال حاضر همین کتاب است. کتابهای لاتین که مربوط به زمان رومیان است و همچنین چهار مقاله بطمیوس تنها چند سهم اصلی را توضیح داده اند. جالب اینجاست که خود ابوریحان می گوید که من این سهم ها را از بطلمیوس نقل می کنم ، مصحح در مورد همه ی این ها در مقدمه و همچنین پاورقی توضیح می دهد. تعدادی کلمات سانسکریت درین کتاب بکار برده شده که خود مصحح اونارو فهرست کرده و توضیح داده. مطالب خیلی جالبی در مورد تقویم و اعیاد یهودیان دارد محاسبه انواع و اقسام اعیاد را یاد می دهد ، مطالبی در مورد کسوف و خسوف دارد ، اندازه گیری دور استوا ، نصف انهار مبدا ، در مورد محاسبه قدر ستارگان ، قطر زمین ، فاصله سیارات منظومه شمسی و خلاصه حسابی سرگرم کننده است. چون در خلال توضیحات و محاسبات نکات تاریخی و رسم و رسومات مختلف را توضیح می دهد ، مطالب بسیار جذاب است. یک فصل بسیار مفید و جامع هم در مورد استفاده از اسطرلاب دارد. در فصل دوم سیستم ده دهی رو توضیح داده من پیشنهاد می کنم که این کتاب را بخوانید

  5. 4 out of 5

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  8. 5 out of 5

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  9. 5 out of 5

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  10. 4 out of 5

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  11. 5 out of 5

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  12. 4 out of 5

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  13. 4 out of 5

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  14. 4 out of 5

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  15. 5 out of 5

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  20. 4 out of 5

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  21. 4 out of 5

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  22. 4 out of 5

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  24. 4 out of 5

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  25. 4 out of 5

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  26. 5 out of 5

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  27. 5 out of 5

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  28. 4 out of 5

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  29. 5 out of 5

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  31. 5 out of 5

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  32. 5 out of 5

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  34. 5 out of 5

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  35. 5 out of 5

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  36. 5 out of 5

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  37. 5 out of 5

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  38. 4 out of 5

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  39. 5 out of 5

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  40. 5 out of 5

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  41. 4 out of 5

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  42. 5 out of 5

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  43. 5 out of 5

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  44. 5 out of 5

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  45. 5 out of 5

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  47. 4 out of 5

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  48. 5 out of 5

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  50. 5 out of 5

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  51. 4 out of 5

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