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Are Your Lights On?: How to Figure Out What the Problem Really is

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Partial Contents Part 1: What is The Problem? 1. A Problem 2. Peter Pigeonhole Prepared A Petition 3. What's Your Problem? Part 2: What is The Problem? 4. Billy Brighteyes Bests The Bidders 5. Billy Bites His Tongue 6. Billy Back To The Bidders Part 3: What is The Problem Really? 7. The Endless Chain 8. Missing The Misfit 9. Landing On The Level 10. Mind Your Meaning Part 4: Whose Probl Partial Contents Part 1: What is The Problem? 1. A Problem 2. Peter Pigeonhole Prepared A Petition 3. What's Your Problem? Part 2: What is The Problem? 4. Billy Brighteyes Bests The Bidders 5. Billy Bites His Tongue 6. Billy Back To The Bidders Part 3: What is The Problem Really? 7. The Endless Chain 8. Missing The Misfit 9. Landing On The Level 10. Mind Your Meaning Part 4: Whose Problem Is It? 11. Smoke Gets In Your Eyes 12. The Campus That Was All Spaced Out 13. The Lights At The End Of The Tunnel Part 5: Where Does It Come From? 14. Janet Jaworski Joggles A Jerk 15. Mister Matczyszyn Mends The Matter 16. Make-Works And Take-Credits 17. Examinations And Other Puzzles Part 6: Do We Really Want To Solve It? 18. Tom Tireless Tinkers With Toys 19. Patience Plays Politics 20. A Priority Assignment


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Partial Contents Part 1: What is The Problem? 1. A Problem 2. Peter Pigeonhole Prepared A Petition 3. What's Your Problem? Part 2: What is The Problem? 4. Billy Brighteyes Bests The Bidders 5. Billy Bites His Tongue 6. Billy Back To The Bidders Part 3: What is The Problem Really? 7. The Endless Chain 8. Missing The Misfit 9. Landing On The Level 10. Mind Your Meaning Part 4: Whose Probl Partial Contents Part 1: What is The Problem? 1. A Problem 2. Peter Pigeonhole Prepared A Petition 3. What's Your Problem? Part 2: What is The Problem? 4. Billy Brighteyes Bests The Bidders 5. Billy Bites His Tongue 6. Billy Back To The Bidders Part 3: What is The Problem Really? 7. The Endless Chain 8. Missing The Misfit 9. Landing On The Level 10. Mind Your Meaning Part 4: Whose Problem Is It? 11. Smoke Gets In Your Eyes 12. The Campus That Was All Spaced Out 13. The Lights At The End Of The Tunnel Part 5: Where Does It Come From? 14. Janet Jaworski Joggles A Jerk 15. Mister Matczyszyn Mends The Matter 16. Make-Works And Take-Credits 17. Examinations And Other Puzzles Part 6: Do We Really Want To Solve It? 18. Tom Tireless Tinkers With Toys 19. Patience Plays Politics 20. A Priority Assignment

30 review for Are Your Lights On?: How to Figure Out What the Problem Really is

  1. 5 out of 5

    Jon Mountjoy

    Written with obvious and playful humour, a short book on problem solving. "A problem is a difference between things as desired, and things as perceived" - and this book goes on to arm you with a number of problem solving techniques, from the venerable "ignore the problem" to understanding just what the problem is, whether the solution is desirable, whether people will believe you've solved the problem, who's problem it actually is, and defining problems well. Some funny lines too: "Once the rumor Written with obvious and playful humour, a short book on problem solving. "A problem is a difference between things as desired, and things as perceived" - and this book goes on to arm you with a number of problem solving techniques, from the venerable "ignore the problem" to understanding just what the problem is, whether the solution is desirable, whether people will believe you've solved the problem, who's problem it actually is, and defining problems well. Some funny lines too: "Once the rumor starts, it spreads like a muscle spasm in management's lower back."

  2. 4 out of 5

    Vikrama Dhiman

    Fantastic start of the year. What a book! I have read some chapters thrice already. The contrived examples draw chuckles at how real they are and how you have been solving problems without knowing you are solving one. There are 23 key lessons but I loved three specific takes: Find out, whose problem is it. 1. We never have time to do it right, but we always have time to do it over 2. People seldom know what they want until you give them what the ask for 3. Find out, whose problem it is i.e. WHO has Fantastic start of the year. What a book! I have read some chapters thrice already. The contrived examples draw chuckles at how real they are and how you have been solving problems without knowing you are solving one. There are 23 key lessons but I loved three specific takes: Find out, whose problem is it. 1. We never have time to do it right, but we always have time to do it over 2. People seldom know what they want until you give them what the ask for 3. Find out, whose problem it is i.e. WHO has a problem? Highly recommended. The book also has some dry humor. You'll love it. Pick it up now.

  3. 5 out of 5

    Henry Ho

    I like the point of the book, but it gets repetitive and most the examples are (purposely?) contrived. It's been a while since I read it, but I think some of my takeaways were: - who's problem is it (who cares)? that will usually give you a clue on how to get it solved - should you be the one solving it? - if you cannot solve it, then make it a problem for the person who can (make that person care) - does it needs to be solved / is it a real problem? - don't jump to a solution / blindly go along with I like the point of the book, but it gets repetitive and most the examples are (purposely?) contrived. It's been a while since I read it, but I think some of my takeaways were: - who's problem is it (who cares)? that will usually give you a clue on how to get it solved - should you be the one solving it? - if you cannot solve it, then make it a problem for the person who can (make that person care) - does it needs to be solved / is it a real problem? - don't jump to a solution / blindly go along with a proposed solution All of which are things I have heard but often fail to apply.

  4. 5 out of 5

    John MacIntyre

    This book is such an easy read it catches you off gaurd, then walks you through a series of fictional short stories, each teaching a certain lesson.

  5. 5 out of 5

    Rob

    http://37signals.com/svn/posts/3375-t... http://37signals.com/svn/posts/3375-t...

  6. 4 out of 5

    Stancalău

    Some nice tales, but not a great eye-opening book.

  7. 5 out of 5

    Andrew Strenn

    As a book on general problem solving, it was pretty entertaining. It was thought provoking, but I didn't learn anything too dramatic. As a book on general problem solving, it was pretty entertaining. It was thought provoking, but I didn't learn anything too dramatic.

  8. 4 out of 5

    Douglas

    A nice way to re-frame your approaches to solving problems. Written in the style a book from 1982 could only produce.

  9. 4 out of 5

    Oleksandr

    Several anecdotes about solving problems. It shows several more ways to think about the problems. One of my favourite points in this book is - "EACH SOLUTION IS THE SOURCE OF THE NEXT PROBLEM". Several anecdotes about solving problems. It shows several more ways to think about the problems. One of my favourite points in this book is - "EACH SOLUTION IS THE SOURCE OF THE NEXT PROBLEM".

  10. 4 out of 5

    Artas Bartas

    Typically, I avoid reading business books published back in the day. Unlike fiction, business advice tends to age badly. More dedicated readers with fewer children might think that wrestling with bad economic theory, monotonous writing style, and casual sexism/racism remarks to discover a few nuggets of insight is a fair trade. Not me. I consider my time too precious (and my mental state too fragile) to be indulging in such pastimes. As a result, I approached "Are your lights on?" with a lot of Typically, I avoid reading business books published back in the day. Unlike fiction, business advice tends to age badly. More dedicated readers with fewer children might think that wrestling with bad economic theory, monotonous writing style, and casual sexism/racism remarks to discover a few nuggets of insight is a fair trade. Not me. I consider my time too precious (and my mental state too fragile) to be indulging in such pastimes. As a result, I approached "Are your lights on?" with a lot of caution. Oh, how wrong I was. In a nutshell, this book breaks all the rules of modern publishing, which is exactly what makes it such a valuable read. But let's start at the beginning. "Are your lights on?" could be best described as a light-hearted introduction to problem-solving. Each chapter contains half a dozen of real-life problems, lots of unconventional solutions, and pithy slogans helping the reader to learn a bigger lesson hiding in the story. Authors Donald Gause and Gerald Weinberg have amassed an impressive collection of anecdotes in the book. They'll take you through rigged public tenders and encounters with dour-faced communist functionaries to petty office squabbles, so well portrayed in "The Office," and engineering challenges faced by traffic authorities in Switzerland. One would struggle to find a common thread running through all these solutions. It's not one of those books peddling a big theory or an exhaustive list of heuristics. Instead, it invites you to approach problems like a multi-faceted puzzle. Sometimes you'll solve them by focusing on technical facts, other times you'll have to navigate the social context or get creative with wording your problems. Take an example from a company manufacturing toys. A new employee runs cost calculations and comes to a shocking conclusion that the company would save money by closing two out of three factories it runs. He shares his discovery with senior executives but, to his surprise, they thank him for the effort but burry the cost-saving measure. "Why?" asks the bewildered employee, "Don't you want to cut the cost of running a company?" "The real reason we continue to produce toys in those factories," responds one of the executives, "is not economic, but political." The loss-making factories are located in the cities where the company president and chairman of the board live. And the lesson here is that "in spite of appearances, people seldom know what they want until you give them what they ask for." If you enjoy this kind of practical wisdom, you'll love the book. One of the biggest sins of modern publishing is word inflation. How many business books out there should have been articles? A good 80%, if not more. By contrast, "Are your lights on?" is refreshingly concise. At 150 pages, with lots of quirky illustrations, chapters chase one another. It took me barely three hours on a rainy Sunday afternoon to get through the book. And those three hours were accompanied by a constant chuckle and even occasional guffaws. Messrs Gause and Weinberg have a great sense of humor and aren't afraid to poke fun at pompous men and women inhabiting corner offices of American corporations or presiding over visa formalities in communist Poland. Heck, they even let some characters die in the process of solving problems. George R. R. Martin would have been proud. The biggest insight of the book, however, lies in the way it frames business problems. Whereas modern business books assume that each problem is worth solving and has a discrete solution, this book takes a very different perspective. To Gause and Weinberg, problems are products of social relations and therefore should be approached with the same pragmatic attitude: some will be worth solving, others - ignoring.

  11. 5 out of 5

    Luke

    TL;DR, great read, lots of interesting points, can be hard to follow at times, language is a little dated. There were some great and interesting thoughts on what a "problem" is, how they arise, how you might approach them etc. That being said, there were a few times the stories didn't gel particularly well. There were even times the authors seemingly had the same though and stories would cut off with "we won't go further", making the story a little bit redundant, then it switched to a conclusion. TL;DR, great read, lots of interesting points, can be hard to follow at times, language is a little dated. There were some great and interesting thoughts on what a "problem" is, how they arise, how you might approach them etc. That being said, there were a few times the stories didn't gel particularly well. There were even times the authors seemingly had the same though and stories would cut off with "we won't go further", making the story a little bit redundant, then it switched to a conclusion. There was also a lot of "post script" after each story to explain what they tried to get across previously, which just felt a little like bad writing to me. This all sounds like me bashing the book, and it is, but the points they make are good ones and land pretty well for the most part making that part great, but it comes at the cost of wading through some parts you may not care about. Additionally I found the language used has not aged well at all, and just being inappropriate even for the time it was released. This is something to consider if you're thinking about reading this.

  12. 4 out of 5

    Stefan

    The book is about problem-solving. There's a series of situations presented, in each of them the problem evolves in terms of complexity. In some of the situations presented certainty is peeled off from the problem statement and the solution. So in the end it turns out that neither the problem statement was correct, nor the solution was correct, even though the process starts with one "solution" and then iterates through more and more failed "solutions" (some of them borderline absurd), none of wh The book is about problem-solving. There's a series of situations presented, in each of them the problem evolves in terms of complexity. In some of the situations presented certainty is peeled off from the problem statement and the solution. So in the end it turns out that neither the problem statement was correct, nor the solution was correct, even though the process starts with one "solution" and then iterates through more and more failed "solutions" (some of them borderline absurd), none of which fits. Generally, the point being made is that even though the problem solver thinks they understand the initial problem statement as it was laid out, that too turns out to be incomplete, which they only find out later (either because of unwritten, implicit details that are just absent). The book also describes some problems in the context of IT (mainly software). So I think the material presents (in a cautionary style) the difference between textbook problems, and real-world problems where people, interests, politics are involved. So even if something looks like a technical problem, there's always non-technical aspects involving implicit assumptions, incomplete problem statements and implicit restrictions that apply. I'll give it a 5-star, and I'll have to go back and re-read it at some point.

  13. 5 out of 5

    Max Tang

    The first half is pure genius; the second half is merely intelligent. Overall a rather fascinating read. 1) A problem is the gap between a perceived state and desired state. 2) The trickiest part of certain problems is just recognizing their existence. 3) If you can’t think of at least three things that might be wrong with your understanding of the problem, you don’t understand the problem. 4) Don't Solve other people’s problems when they can solve them perfectly well themselves. The first half is pure genius; the second half is merely intelligent. Overall a rather fascinating read. 1) A problem is the gap between a perceived state and desired state. 2) The trickiest part of certain problems is just recognizing their existence. 3) If you can’t think of at least three things that might be wrong with your understanding of the problem, you don’t understand the problem. 4) Don't Solve other people’s problems when they can solve them perfectly well themselves.

  14. 5 out of 5

    Wanderson Ferreira

    Very nice book. Often I ask some questions about what is the nature of the problem that I am solving with. I think this book sheds some light in this dilema by explicitly asking you: What the problem really is? Who the problem is affecting? This is a problem for everybody involved? All this questions are often not considered and many "solutions" only creates different problems (often harder than the original one). I am re-reading it in the next year for sure. Very nice book. Often I ask some questions about what is the nature of the problem that I am solving with. I think this book sheds some light in this dilema by explicitly asking you: What the problem really is? Who the problem is affecting? This is a problem for everybody involved? All this questions are often not considered and many "solutions" only creates different problems (often harder than the original one). I am re-reading it in the next year for sure.

  15. 5 out of 5

    Muhammad Ali

    This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. Solving a problem starts with a solid problem definition. Try to be as specific as you can defining the problem and do reality check of the problem definition. There is one fix for all. And one solution can lead to other future problems. Take example of eCommerce, Internet. Now regulations are needed to keep people honest, moral and ethical.

  16. 5 out of 5

    Matt Malin

    Short and sweet - surprisingly entertaining and fun. Not quite what I was expecting (in a good way) and also does provide some thought provoking ideas, particularly on considering "who really has the problem". Short and sweet - surprisingly entertaining and fun. Not quite what I was expecting (in a good way) and also does provide some thought provoking ideas, particularly on considering "who really has the problem".

  17. 4 out of 5

    Giacomo Debidda

    Some valuable insights, so-so delivery. I found some good takeaways in this book, and I liked some of its chapters. Unfortunately, most of the chapters were too verbose for my taste and I quickly skimmed through them.

  18. 4 out of 5

    Alex Fürstenau

    An interesting read. You don't often ask myself whose problem it really is but you should. Is it really your problem or is someone (your boss, spouse, kids) transferring their problem to your problem? An interesting read. You don't often ask myself whose problem it really is but you should. Is it really your problem or is someone (your boss, spouse, kids) transferring their problem to your problem?

  19. 5 out of 5

    Tales Chaves

    The problem is not always what you think. Keep thinking. Very good book.

  20. 5 out of 5

    Kristina

    Characterisation of the classic 'have you tried restarting your computer' use case. Good for high school freshmen. Disliked the narrative format. Characterisation of the classic 'have you tried restarting your computer' use case. Good for high school freshmen. Disliked the narrative format.

  21. 5 out of 5

    Justin

    Nothing too earth shattering

  22. 4 out of 5

    Gerry

    An easy short read on a problem solving but compared to other works by the same author didn't get as much as I had hoped. An easy short read on a problem solving but compared to other works by the same author didn't get as much as I had hoped.

  23. 5 out of 5

    David Fitzgibbon

    Provisional three star. Lots of mildly witty stories, but hard to mine the practical advice inside on the first attempt. Will update if I try it again.

  24. 4 out of 5

    Mark

    Could stand to be updated for sure. And some editing with a vision for the finished product. It *could* be really useful if it had some love. But I do not see that happening.

  25. 5 out of 5

    Marcus Autenrieth

    Insightful, funny, inspiring. Lot's of stories from the trenches to learn from, garnished with some theoretical background. Co-authored by the brilliant Jerry Weinberg. Insightful, funny, inspiring. Lot's of stories from the trenches to learn from, garnished with some theoretical background. Co-authored by the brilliant Jerry Weinberg.

  26. 4 out of 5

    Paul

    Easy, breezy, interesting.

  27. 4 out of 5

    Wojciech Borkowski

    I'd you're trying to understand problem dillema then grab that book and rethink that. It's in a nutshell, looks like a great place to start. I'd you're trying to understand problem dillema then grab that book and rethink that. It's in a nutshell, looks like a great place to start.

  28. 4 out of 5

    Amy Marley

    A brilliant read to spark clarity of thought when presented to life. Perspective is king.

  29. 4 out of 5

    Jasmine

    A perfect lazy Sunday read! Well written with bite sized stories and distilled learnings from each lesson!

  30. 4 out of 5

    Pavel

    A book about what is your problem and is it really your problem and are you sure that you have a correct definition of the problem? And... of course, if you solve it too fast no one will actually believe you that it's solved - and tons of other stuff related to problem solving. In the beginning I thought it's not gonna be useful to even finish reading it, but it was entertaining and now that I finished it, I have to admit it was also enlightening. I can only recommend you to read it if you didn't A book about what is your problem and is it really your problem and are you sure that you have a correct definition of the problem? And... of course, if you solve it too fast no one will actually believe you that it's solved - and tons of other stuff related to problem solving. In the beginning I thought it's not gonna be useful to even finish reading it, but it was entertaining and now that I finished it, I have to admit it was also enlightening. I can only recommend you to read it if you didn't yet.

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